عنوان مقاله [English]
Display of artwork is the primary function of the museums of artworks and the ability to see and enjoy visiting the museum is their sublime function. Accordingly, using light, as one of the basic elements of visual perception, is one of the ways to enhance the function of the museum and make space enjoyable for humans. Therefore, studying how to use ergonomic lighting (as human-centered knowledge) in the form of natural-solar lighting systems as the most complete spectrum of light can be an effective step in improving the function of museums of artworks1. The main hypothesis of the present study is that ergonomics can be applied in the lighting of museums of artwork and it is also attempted to answer an applied question: how are ergonomic natural-solar lighting systems designed for these museums? The present study is qualitative-applied research in which basic studies are carried out through library research and the data are processed using content analysis. Moreover, the SWOT technique is used to more precisely examine the components discussed in the research literature section, and the related software is used to study the principles of ergonomic lighting to scrutinize the results in the findings section. Top natural lighting systems are more suitable for lighting in the museums of artworks than side lighting. A closer examination of natural lighting systems widely used in museums shows that the photovoltaic systems are the most appropriate ones for natural lighting in the museum, followed by light shield, light pipe, and light shelf. The satisfaction of visual indicators of ergonomic lighting based on the high-quality natural light provides the desirable lighting in the museums. Combining photovoltaic shades with light shields can optimally distribute the light while controlling glare, luminance, shading, and contrast in museums of artworks. In the process, it is appropriate to consider side lighting systems to provide a visual connection between the interior and exterior spaces as well as to landscape the space in the museum.