بررسی آثار کالبدی شکل‌گیری خانه‌های دوم بر منطقه گردشگری سرعین از دیدگاه ذی‌نفعان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایرا

3 کارشناسی ارشد معماری، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

گردشگری و توسعه روزافزون آن و همچنین ایجاد خانه‌های دوم متأثر از حضور گردشگر در مناطق گردشگری با توجه به اثراتی که از خود در جامعه میزبان به جای می‌گذارد موضوعی حائز اهمیت است. خانه‌های دوم و گسترش آن‌ها بی‌شک مزایا و معایبی را با خود به همراه دارد. شهر سرعین استان اردبیل به برکت وجود چشمه‌های آب گرم، در چند سال اخیر شاهد توسعه کالبدی چشمگیر و به تبع آن، پیدایش و گسترش خانه‌های دوم است. لذا هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثرات کالبدی حاصل از پیدایش و گسترش خانه‌های دوم از دیدگاه ذی‌نفعان (گردشگران، جامعه محلی و متصدیان گردشگری) در منطقه گردشگری سرعین می‌باشد. اثرات کالبدی حاصل از ایجاد خانه‌های دوم برگرفته از اطلاعات حاصل از بخش مبانی نظری پژوهش جمع‌بندی و در قالب پرسشنامه‌ای محقق ساخته که اعتبار آن با فرمول آلفای کرونباخ  (82/0 = α) محاسبه شده تنظیم و در اختیار پرسش شوندگان قرار گرفت. جامعه آماری به کمک فرمول کوکران 577 نفر در سه گروه ذی‌نفعان محاسبه شده است. برای تحلیل اطلاعات حاصل از پرسشنامه‌ها از نرم افزار SPSS، برای آزمون فرضیه، از آماره‌های تی تست تک نمونه‌ای استفاده شد. نتایج حاصل حاکی از آن است که هر سه گروه ذی‌نفعان با بهبود شرایط کالبدی به‌طور کلی موافق هستند. در بررسی ریزفاکتورهای ارائه شده عواملی چون افزایش امکانات و خدمات، بهبود امکانات اداری، ایجاد ساختمان‌هایی با مصالح جدید، بهبود راه‌های ارتباطی، توجه بیشتر مدیران به توسعه و عمران، تسریع پروژه‌های عمرانی به واسطه کمک مالی گردشگران، فراهم کردن زمینه‌های توسعه در منطقه در دراز‌مدت و غیره از جمله اثرات مثبت کالبدی حاصل از حضور خانه‌های دوم می‌باشد؛ از طرفی اثرات منفی همچون افزایش هزینه‌های ساخت، ایجاد سبک معماری متفاوت با سبک معماری منطقه نیز از منظر ذی‌نفعان مطرح شده است

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Study on Physical Effects of Formation of Second Homes on Sarein Tourist Area from the Stakeholders’ points of view

نویسندگان [English]

  • Tohid Hatami khanghahi 1
  • Vahid Vaziri 2
  • Mahsa Taghizadeh Hir 3
1 Assistant Professor of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
3 M.A. of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

Tourism and its fast development as well as the creation of the second homes as a result of the presence of tourists in the tourist areas are an important matter regarding the effects they have on the host community. The second homes and their expansion has advantages and disadvantages. Sarein City in Ardabil Province, due to the existence of the hot springs, has undergone remarkable physical development and thereby, the creation and expansion of the second homes. The current study aims to investigate the physical effects of the creation and expansion of second homes from stakeholders’ (the tourists, the local community, and the tourism officers) points of view in Sarein tourist area. The physical effects of the second homes extracted from the theoretical foundations of the study are summarized and a researcher-made questionnaire is developed. The validity of the questionnaire is calculated by Cronbach’s alpha (α=0.82). The statistical population is estimated 577 persons in three groups of stakeholders, using the Cochran formula. The SPSS software is used to analyze the data collected from the questionnaires and the one-sample t-test is used to test hypotheses. The results indicate that all three groups of stakeholders generally agree with the improvement in physical conditions. Investigating the micro-factors, the factors such as increasing facilities and services, improving administrative facilities, constructing buildings with new materials, improving communication channels, more attention of managers to development and construction, accelerating construction projects through tourists’ financial assistance, providing development opportunities in the region in the long run, etc. are among the positive physical effects of the second homes. On the other hand, the increase in the building costs and the creation of an architectural style different from the indigenous architecture is among the negative effects from the  stakeholders’ points of view

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Second Homes
  • Tourist
  • Sarein
  • Physical Effects
  • Stakeholders
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