بررسی چالش‌های نظری و روش‌شناختی ارزیابی رضایت‌مندی ساکنین از تغییرات کالبدی، مورد مطالعاتی: توسکا محله و آهو محله، شهر محمودآباد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه طراحی‌شهری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه هنر، تهران، ایران

چکیده

اندازه‌گیری رضایت‌مندی از موضوعات عینی- ذهنی، مانند تغییرات کالبدی، با سؤالات مستقیم و روش‌های کمی دشوار به نظر می‌رسد. تبیین ویژگی‌های روش‌شناختی ارزیابی تجربه ساکنین از شدت تغییرات کالبدی بر اساس معیار رضایت‌مندی پرسش پژوهش حاضر است. روش انجام پژوهش تحلیل محتوا بوده که با استدلال منطقی و مدل استنتاجی، حاصل از بررسی مدل‌های پیشین، در فاز اول پژوهش همراه شد. بر این اساس انگیزه‌ها و ویژگی‌های فردی ساکنین، ماهیت پویای انطباق و رضایت‌مندی در طول زمان و فقدان چارچوب زمینه‌گرا از چالش‌های موجود در این زمینه بوده و شاخص‌هایی چون ویژگی‌های فردی، سطح انطباق، ارزیابی عاطفی و شناختی که به ادراک ذهنی می‌انجامد، با یکدیگر رابطه‌ای چرخه‌ای در طول زمان دارند. در فاز دوم پژوهش به منظور اعتبارسنجی چارچوب پیشنهادی، پرسشنامه کمی با استخراج شاخص‌ها از بستر مطالعه، حاصل و به روش محتوایی صوری توسط پنج نفر از متخصصان، بررسی شد. موردپژوهی در توسکا محله به‌عنوان محله هدف و آهو محله به‌عنوان محله کنترل از محلات شهر محمودآباد و با انتخاب 34 نفر از ساکنین با بیش از 25 سال سابقه سکونت به روش گلوله برفی و از هر دو گروه مردان و زنان انجام شد. استخراج شاخص‌ها در توسکا محله بر اساس پرسشنامه نیمه ساختار‌یافته صورت گرفت. ارزیابی نتایج حاصل در دو محله حاکی از اعتبار پرسشنامه و فرآیند تهیه آن است. وابستگی پاسخ‌ها به مکان زندگی، امکان دستیابی به نتایج دقیق‌تری از رضایت‌مندی از تغییرات کالبدی را فراهم می‌آورد. بنابراین توجه به تجربه شناختی- ادراکی ساکنین در یک فرآیند چرخه‌ای، به‌کارگیری روش مبتنی بر تحلیل‌های کیفی- ارزیابانه به‌صورت اکتشافی، امکان دریافت معیارهای واقعی رضایت‌مندی ساکنین از شدت تغییرات را فراهم می‌آورد

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Survey on Theoretical and Methodological Challenges of Assessing Residents’ Satisfaction with Physical Changes; Tusca Neighborhood and Ahu Neighborhood, Mahmoudabad City

نویسنده [English]

  • Hadi Pendar
Assistant Professor of Urban Design, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Art, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

When it comes to objective-subjective issues, such as physical changes, it seems difficult to measure satisfaction through direct questions and quantitative methods. Question of the present study is to explain the methodological challenges of evaluating residents’ experience of the severity of physical changes based on the satisfaction criterion. The research method is content analysis, which is accompanied by a logical argument and inferential model, obtained from the study of previous models, in the first phase of the research. Accordingly, residents’ motivations and individual characteristics, dynamic nature of adaptation and satisfaction over time and finally, lack of contextual framework are some of the challenges in this field, and indicators such as individual characteristics, level of adaptation, emotional and cognitive assessment that leads to mental perception, have a cyclical relationship with each other over time. In the second phase of the research, a quantitative questionnaire is developed through extracting indicators from the study context, and reviewed by five experts using formal content method, in order to validate the proposed framework. Then, the snowball sampling method was applied to select 34 residents of both men and women with more than 25 years residency in Tusca neighborhood, as a target neighborhood, and Ahu neighborhood, as a control neighborhood in Mahmudabad city.  In Tusca neighborhood, the indicators are extracted based on a semi-structured questionnaire. The results obtained from both neighborhoods indicate the validity of the questionnaire and its preparation process. The dependency of answers on residence place allows to achieve more precise results of residents’ satisfaction with physical changes. Therefore, attention to the cognitive-perceptual experience of residents in a cyclical process and using a method based on qualitative-evaluative exploratory analyses, makes it possible to obtain real criteria for residents’ satisfaction with the severity of changes

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Methodological Challenges
  • Severity of Physical Changes
  • Satisfaction
  • mixed research
  • residential environment
  • Mahmoudabad
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