شاخصه‌های مؤثر در محله‌گزینی شهروندان اصفهانی در بافت تاریخی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و هنر، دانشگاه کاشان، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد معماری، دانشکده معماری و هنر، دانشگاه کاشان، ایران

چکیده

محله به‌عنوان یک مکان- رفتار مهم، علاوه بر ظرفیت‌های فراوان اجتماعی، فرهنگی و کالبدی، نقش شایان توجهی در محله‌گزینی و گرایش به سکونت دائم شهروندان بر عهده دارد. پرداختن به این مهم از موضوعات اساسی در حیات اجتماعی بافت‌های تاریخی به شمار می‌آید؛ به‌گونه‌ای که متناسب با میزان و عمق شناخت از معیارهای محله‌گزینی، مسکن‌پذیری نیز از دوام و پایداری بیشتری برخوردار خواهد شد. پژوهش با طرح این پرسش که شاخصه‌های محله‌گزینی در بافت تاریخی شهر اصفهان چیست و آیا با جابه‌جایی مکان، شاخصه‌های محله‌گزینی نیز تغییر می‌کند؟ در پی آن است که به مؤلفه‌های مؤثر در انتخاب محله و شناسایی شاخصه‌های مکان‌گزینی در بافت تاریخی اصفهان دست یابد. روش پژوهش کیفی و در حوزه روش‌شناسی متکی به توصیف و تحلیل است. بدین منظور، سه محله درب امام، علیقلی‌آقا و جلفا در بافت تاریخی اصفهان مبتنی بر ماتریس گولر انتخاب‌شده و چهار شاخصه اصلی در محله‌گزینی یعنی امنیت، همسایگی سازگار، دسترسی به مرکز خرید و دسترسی به شبکه حمل‌ونقل عمومی، در نمونه‌ای با تعداد 90 نفر، مورد پرسش قرارگرفته و از طریق آزمون لیکرت دیدگاه پرسش‌شوندگان سنجش شده است؛ سپس با روش AHP، شاخصه‌های محله‌گزینی در محله‌های منتخب، ارزیابی‌شده و ضرایب اهمیت هر یک از شاخصه‌ها محاسبه و تحلیل‌شده است. استنتاج‌ها نشان می‌دهد که شاخصه امنیت بالاترین رتبه را در بین شاخصه‌ها کسب نموده است. همسایگی سازگار، دسترسی به مرکز خرید و شبکه حمل‌ونقل عمومی اولویت‌های مهم بعدی محله‌گزینی از سوی ساکنان تعیین‌شده‌اند و از این حیث، محله علیقلی‌آقا بالاترین رتبه در میان محله‌های بررسی‌شده را به خود اختصاص داده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effective Indicators in Neighborhood Selection by the Isfahan Citizens in the Historical Texture

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahmad Danaeinia 1
  • Hamed Torki Baghbadorani 2
1 Assistant Professor of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Art, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
2 M.A. Student of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Art, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Neighborhood, as an important behavioral setting, in addition to numerous social, cultural and physical aspects, has a very important role in neighborhood selection and creating a tendency among citizens to take up permanent residence. This is one of the main issues in the social life of historical contexts because by increasing the extent and depth of understanding of neighborhood selection criteria, housing will also be more durable. The present study aims to achieve effective factors in choosing the neighborhood in Isfahan city and to identify the criteria for neighborhood selection in the historical texture of Isfahan City. To this end, two main questions are raised: 1. What are the criteria for neighborhood selection in the historical texture of Isfahan? 2. Do the neighborhood selection criteria change with the spatial displacement? The present study is qualitative, descriptive and analytical research. To investigate the topic research, three Darb-e-Emam, Aligholi Agha and Jolfa neighborhoods in the historical texture of Isfahan City are selected using Goeller Scorecard and the four main neighborhood selection criteria, including security, neighborhood compatibility, access to shopping center and access to public transport network, are investigated. To investigate the aforementioned criteria in the selected neighborhoods, a sample of 90 persons are surveyed through a Likert scale questionnaire. Then, the data obtained from the questionnaires are analyzed using the AHP method and for each neighborhood, the importance coefficients of all criteria are calculated. The results of analysis show that according to the residents, among the neighborhood selection criteria, the security has the highest rating, followed by the neighborhood compatibility, access to shopping center and access to public transport network, respectively. Considering these criteria, the Aligholi Agha neighborhood obtains the highest ratings.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Neighborhood Selection
  • Historical texture
  • Qualitative factors
  • Analytic Hierarchy Process
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