عنوان مقاله [English]
The architecture of the temperate and humid climate of Iran has features that evolved uniquely over many years and under the influence of environmental factors. These features led to using the particular patterns in the architecture and housing architecture in particular. The rural houses of the north of Iran were uniquely created under the influence of environmental factors such as geography, climate, economy, culture, and social conditions. The architecture of this region is a response to the behavioral and climatic needs of the local people by relying on the regional and natural facilities. The case study was the rural houses of West Gilan that were studied in four geographical classifications of coastal plain, plain, foothill, and mountain. The research method was the analytical-descriptive method. The results were presented using the statistical data analysis extracted from the software. Therefore, the samples were selected non-random sampling method, considering the purposive method and consideration. The components of the functional efficiency in the structure of the rural houses were studied using the Space Syntax method and Igraph software. The results indicate that the pattern of rural housing of Gilan has a single layer structure and enjoys a shallow depth. The maximum connection between the house and the outdoor is through the porch. Also, access to other spaces is through the porch and then telaar. The porch is the shallowest and the most connected space element that is responsible for connecting the outdoor spaces and the other spaces, and telaar is the second element. The porch and telaar increase the connectivity degree and better connection between the yard space and other internal spaces, resulting in improving the function between the spaces generally.