تبیین چارچوب تأثیر سازمان فضایی بر الگوهای رفتاری شهروندان (مطالعه تطبیقی محلات زرگنده و دروس با استفاده از روش تحلیل شبکه شهری UNA)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری شهرسازی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، ایران

2 استاد گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده شهرسازی، پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه برنامه‌ریزی شهری و منطقه‌ای، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

بررسی و تحلیل رابطه الگوهای رفتاری مردم و ساختارشکل‌دهنده فضا در حوزه شهرسازی از آنجا که هر دو از ابعاد مهم تلقی می‌شوند نیازمند یک چارچوب مفهومی- تحلیلی مشخص است تا پژوهشگران بتوانند بر اساس آن در فضاهای شهری مختلف به تبیین تأثیرگذاری سازمان فضایی بر شکل‌گیری الگوهای رفتاری شهروندان بپردازند. این پژوهش از نوع، توصیفی- تحلیلی است که ابتدا با مطالعه و بررسی کتب و مقالات علمی (از طریق روش‌هایی نظیر فیش‌برداری و متن‌خوانی) اطلاعات مورد نظر جمع‌آوری می‌شود. در پژوهش حاضر ضمن تبیین چارچوب در جهت تحلیل سازمان فضایی در راستای تعیین و تدقیق رابطه پیکره‌بندی فضا با الگوهای رفتاری از تکنیک تحلیل شبکه شهری1 UNA استفاده می‌شود و بافت متفاوت دو محله زرگنده و دروس با استفاده از شاخص‌هایی که امکان ارزیابی را با این تکنیک دارند مورد ارزیابی قرار می‌گیرد. سؤال اصلی پژوهش حاضر نیز به این ترتیب می‌باشد که تأثیر تفاوت‌ها در سازمان فضایی محلات بر الگوهای رفتاری شهروندان به چه ترتیبی است؟ لازم به توضیح است که این پژوهش فرضیه محور نمی‌باشد. نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش به تأثیر غیرقابل انکار محیط کالبدی و ساختار فیزیکی محیط بر رفتار فضایی افراد تأکید داشته و بیان می‌کند که، میزان تأثیر و شکل‌گیری رفتار فضایی افراد، به ویژگی‌های درونی و شخصیتی خاص هر فرد به‌علاوه حواس پنج‌گانه و تصاویر ذهنی از ساختار محیط بستگی دارد. ساختار کالبدی موجب پدید آمدن کیفیتی در فضا می‌شود که خود بر رفتار فضایی افراد در آن فضا مؤثر است. در واقع در هر محیطی شکل‌گیری رفتار فضایی افراد متفاوت است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining the Framework of the Effect of Spatial Organization on the Citizens’ Behavioral Patterns (Comparative Study of the Zargandeh and Darrous Neighborhoods using Urban Network Analysis Method)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Navid Paknezhad 1
  • Manouchehr Tabibian 2
  • Gholamreza Latifi 3
1 Ph.D. Candidate of Urban Planning, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanization, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.
2 Professor of Urban Planning, School of Urban Planning, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Regional and Urban Planning, Faculty of Social Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Investigating and analyzing the relationship between people’s behavioral patterns and the constituent structure of the space in urbanization requires a specific analytical-conceptual framework since they are considered two significant aspects. Thus, the researchers can explain the effect of the spatial organization in the formation of the citizens’ behavioral patterns in the different urban spaces based thereon. The current research was an analytical-descriptive study. The required information was collected by studying and reviewing the scientific papers and books (through methods such as taking notes and reading the texts). The Urban Network Analysis Technique was used to determine and scrutinize the relationship between the spatial configuration and the behavioral patterns while explaining the framework to analyze the spatial organization. Then, the different textures of the Darrous and Zargandeh neighborhoods were evaluated using the indicators that can be evaluated using this technique. The main question of the research was as follows: what is the effect of differences in the spatial organization of neighborhoods on the behavioral patterns of citizens? It is noteworthy that the current study was not hypothesis-oriented. The research results emphasized the undeniable effect of the physical environment and the physical structure of the environment on the spatial behavior of individuals and stated that effectiveness and formation of the spatial behavior of individuals depended on the internal and personality characteristics of each individual in addition to the five senses and mental images of the structure of the environment. The physical structure leads to the emergence of quality in the space, which is influential in people’s spatial behavior in that space. Indeed, the formation of the spatial behavior of people is different in each environment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Spatial organization
  • Behavioral Patterns
  • UNA
  • Environmental Psychology
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