عنوان مقاله [English]
In Iran, most rivers experience unsustainability and challenge the river-oriented urban spaces. The present study aims to provide the ground for promoting these urban spaces to become sustainable public places. To this end, it attempts to explain what the "sustainable river-oriented public place" is, its macro qualities, what constructs affect it, and its conceptual model and to compare urban rivers in Iran according to the model. The present study is applied development research carried out using both qualitative and quantitative approaches. In this study, the concepts and the theoretical model are extracted using library studies. Next, field and case studies are applied to qualitatively evaluate the river-oriented public places in Ardabil, Isfahan, Ahvaz, and Rasht. In addition to field studies, observation and semi-structured interviews with people and a closed questionnaire are used to collect the required data to describe and analyze the status quo of the case studies as well as to compare them. The results are validated using the Kolmogorov–Smirnov test and one-sample T-test. The results indicate that constructs such as the river, humans, rules, resources, actors, society, city, etc., affect the implementation, survival, and development of sustainable river-oriented public places throughout their life cycles. These constructs, in turn, meet the expected qualities of such places. Macro-criteria include resilience, sustainability, anthropocentrism, and individuality, each with some micro-criteria. Comparing case studies shows that despite the citizens' sense of belonging to the river, they have more or less common weaknesses in the areas of sustainability, security and safety, facilities, resilience, etc. Accordingly, some recommendations are presented for addressing the major weaknesses of these public spaces. The contribution of the present study is the presentation of a list of factors affecting the implementation of the sustainable river-oriented public place plan and design.