عنوان مقاله [English]
Qajar houses in Urmia are precious examples of Iranian architecture, though not comprehensively studied despite their various and peculiar patterns. Using a mixed research method (descriptive-analytical and historical interpretation), the present study aims to identify and analyze the Qajar housing in Urmia and the way it's been influenced by various factors as well as to identify the physical patterns of houses to classify them. Due to the destruction of most historical houses in Urmia and the lack of registration and collection of all examples, 13 healthy and stable examples are examined using library and field studies along with the review of historical documents. The results show that many features of houses in Urmia have been somehow coordinated with cultural, religious, economic and social variables, and despite the existence of common concepts in the formation of physical patterns (e.g. climate, economics, politics, etc.), there are obvious physical housing differences. According to the physical analysis results, the social class of the residents has played a prominent role in the physical classification of the houses.