نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Improving at the medical science and decreasing in offspring in the most of the societies cause to increase the number of the seniors. So we should get enough preparation and have plan for facing with increasing the number of these groups. Architecture and urban design are the most important things in relation with senior life. Societies should respond to the first senior needing. This response should include the physical limitation consideration and mental situations. For getting maximum service from society, the senior life factors should be analyzed precisely. Man in every age has specific necessities, sentiments, morals, powers and excitements which society will be considered healthy & safe if these necessities are answered properly. One of the dependent groups to aid is adult man who is seen very much, after retiring, instead of enjoying of their life and relaxing and sporting changes to depressed and dissatisfied people. Not only should specific law be legislated in architecture for this group but specific spatial mould also should be legislated. Sanatorium or independent living or living with one‘s family are mere explanation that adult can or have to live in there. It seems necessary to have new mould which can both remove adult necessities and supersede old ways for heightening adult morale. For responding to these necessities, different and various solutions are suggested in the west countries but have not been used in Iran. Adult residential region has been one of new ideas which is not acceptable and common in Iran because it is far from Iranian elderly manner so that is not suggested and instead of that, temporary and daily promenades may be recommended that these spaces can be used as daily care centers and not only include answering to senior necessities but also it helps to increase life hope and heighten senior morale and feel to be useful. Adults require proper spaces with their ability and morale. If these spaces does not Constitute for them and they do not be responded by outside properly, they will be got depressed and this will affect on the society as a whole. The senior housing is the first and the easiest way that can be considered for the difference between the primary space characteristic with the senior common life and special disappointment at their period of their life. Most of the senior people can solely do their own works and can have special fun which is proper with their age and their morale such as chatting with their friends and understanding each other. Since their impression about themselves which are useless and depressed are inaccuracy thought and since Most of the senior people can do a lot of tasks, Urgency to Constitute day care centers for responding to senior necessities with social, sport, and welfare functions are sensed. The seniors in use of this place are free and this place involves some requirement like an appropriate place for their entertainment, consult, training arts and needful technique for their life and relating with their friends.