عنوان مقاله [English]
One of critical elements to reduce the damage of earthquake is the community`s
preparation to confront it. Making preparations to confront earthquake can be treated in
many ways. By applying physical planning mechanisms, cities can be designed and
planned in a way that they suffer the least damage during the earthquake. This paper
tries to Study the role of urban physical planning and concerning urban topics such as
urban structure, urban texture, urban form and urban density within theoretical
framework of urban planning in mitigating earthquake damages. Diverse urban
structures show different reactions against the earthquake. For instance, multi-center
urban structures are able to handle the earthquake better than single center structures.
By increasing the ratio of built area to whole area of parcel or to open space, the
vulnerability of open space due to piled up debris in it will be decreased substantially.
Some land-uses play a crucial role in situating urban vulnerability against the
earthquake. These land-uses are called "Special Land-Uses". Due to their critical
function in confronting earthquake, any damage to these land-uses during the
earthquake, may lead to catastrophic consequences. Hence, it is imperative to appoint
special land-uses with delicate and knowledgeable consideration so that the least
damage will be suffered by these centers.