نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 M. A. Graduate in Urban Design, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
2 PhD Candidate in Urban Planning, Faculty of Architecture & Urbanism, Technical University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany
3 M. A. Graduate in Urban Design, Faculty of Architecture & Urbanism, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
عنوان مقاله [English]
The concepts of democracy have been around for centuries in different fields of human sciences. However, in most of these fields the idealistic and far-fetched features attributed to democracy have not been manipulated yet. It should be mentioned that there have been only a few serious attempts to find proper go-between elements, which could make such a concept as comprehensible and tangible as possible. In fact “democratic urban space” is derived from the “design for all” concept. In other words, this is the physical expression of “general democracy” which appears in urban spaces and which is definable based on specific principles. These principles (qualitative norms of democratic urban space design) are jointly based on urban design and democratic approaches, and have got a moderating role among theoretical contexts and urban physics. Based on the general aspect of mentioned concepts, there is a need for detailed attention to all urban spaces in order to find specific strategies and tools for each space, based on internal characteristics of the space and according to democratic street design norms. The present article, in line with the aforementioned purpose, aims to devise the instruments and methods, which could actualize the theoretical concepts of democracy, which are often considered at a general level in the actual life of people. In this regard, studying and investigating other democratic conceptual fields in urban street spaces (economics, culture, politics, government) alongside other forms of spatial-physical democracy in streets are surveyed in this article. Therefore, the main aim of this article is to analyse and provide design guidelines based on democracy norms in the street context. In order to achieve this goal, a wide range of theories have been reviewed and systemically classified to provide physical guidelines for democratic street design.