Defining “Center and Edge” Concepts and Their Relationship with Durability and Dynamism in Architecture

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

Assistant Professor of Architecture, School of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Defining “Center and Edge” Concepts and Their Relationship with Durability and Dynamism in Architecture

نویسنده [English]

  • Maryam Gharavi Khansari
Assistant Professor of Architecture, School of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Durability as continuity of identity and dynamism as changing and adaptability to new conditions are important architectural discussions. This paper aims to define the concepts and positions of durability and dynamism in the architectural structure. It seems that it is important to discuss which relations and components of an architectural structure have more effective roles in supporting identity and which are among short-term factors. In this regard, the concept of ‘center’ as the main area(s) of the structure and the position of emergence of main structural properties and ‘edge’ as the secondary area(s) providing the hierarchy of subsidiary supportive properties are introduced. According to the paper argumentations, durability as the continuity of identity is dependent on unity, similarity and permanence properties of structure, emerges in center. The main activities of the architectural work also occur in this zone. Following the hierarchy of the center to margin, the unity, similarity and permanence properties of structure gradually transform into plurality, difference and change and so dynamism occurs in the edge. It should be considered that center and edge can cover abstract to physical concepts. It is also important to note that the process of forming center and edge is an organic and natural process that is widely dependent to the essence of the architectural work. This process in classic and traditional works emerged with more clarity. But in contemporary works, because of the complex intervening factors, it needs more precision and delicacy to distinguish the center and the edge.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Durability in Architecture
  • Dynamism in Architecture
  • Center of Structure
  • Edge of Structure

-Ahmadi, B. (2004). Structure and Hermeneutics. Tehran, Iran: Game No Publishers.

-Alexander, Ch., Neis, H., Anninou, A. & King, I. (1994). A New Theory of Urban Design (Translation and

Research Unit of Tash Consultant Engineering, Trans.). Tehran: Tosee Press.

-Alexander, Ch. (2002). The Nature of Order (Vol. 1). Berkeley: The Center for Environmental Structure.

-Alexander, Ch. (2002). The Nature of Order (Vol.2). Berkeley: The Center for Environmental Structure.

-Ardalan, N., Bakhtiar, L. (2001). Sense of Unity (Hamid Shahrokh, Trans.). Isfahan, Iran: Nashre Khak.

-Arnheim, R. (1982). The Power of Center. California: University of California Press.

-Arnheim, Rudolf (2003). The Dynamics of Architectural Forms (Mehrdad Qayyoomi Bidhendi,Trans.). Tehran, Iran: Study and Codifucation ofHumanities Books Organization.

-Bacon, Edmund N. (1997). Design of Cities (Ferzaneh Taheri, Trans.). Tehran: Iran Architecture and Urbanism

Studying and Research Center.

-Bently, I., Alcock, A., Murrain, P., McGlynn, S., & Smith, G. (2003). Responsive Environments (Mostafa

Behzadfar, Trans.). Tehran, Iran University of Science and Technology Press.

-Capon, David S. (1999) Architectural Theory (Vol.1). England: John Wiley.

-Chermayeff, S. & Alexander, Ch. (1992). Community and Privacy (Manoochehr Mozayyeni, Trans.). Tehran:

University of Tehran Press.

-Clark, Roger H.; & Pause, Michael (1996). Precedents in Architecture (Saeed Aghaee, S. M. Madani, Trans.).

Tehran: Mahya Punlications.

-Documentation and Research Center, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University (1996) Ghanjname, Vol. 2, Mosques of Esfahan. Tehran: Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization.

-Ellin, N. (2006). Integral Urbanism. New York: Routledge.

-Gharavi Alkhansari, M. (2011). The Interaction of Durability and Dynamism in Architectural Flexibility’,

(Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation). Tehran, Iran: College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran.

-Gharavi Alkhansari, M. (2013). The Interaction of Durability and Dynamism in Architectural Flexibility:

Interdisciplinary and Disciplinary Approaches. Armanshahr Architecture & Urban Development Journal, 10, 43-54.

-Ghezelbash, M., Abouzia, F. (1985). Alphabets of Yazd Traditional House. Tehran: Program and Budget Organization.

-Giurgola, R. (2005). Louis Kahn (A. Jabalameli, Trans.). Isfahan, Iran: Nashre Khak.

-Habraken, N. J. (2000). The Structure of the Ordinary. Cambridge: MIT Press.

-Hamidi, M. (1997). The Skeleton of Tehran, Vol. 1. Tehran: Technical and Construction Assistant of Tehran Municipality.

-Herdeg, K. (1997). Formal Structure in Islamic Architecture of Iran and Turkistan (Translation andResearch Unit of Banian Consultant Engineering, Trans.).Tehran: Youm Press.

-Hillier, B., Leaman, A. (1972-3) Structure, System and Transformation. In Transactions of the Society Bartlett (Vol. 9, pp. 36-77). London: Bartlett School of Architecture, University College.

-Jacobs, J. (2007). The Death and Life of Great American Cities (H. R. Parsi; A. Aflatouni, Trans.)Tehran: University of Tehran Press.

-Lang, J. (2004). Creating an Architectural Theory (Alireza Einifar, Trans.). Tehran: University of TehranPress.

-Lynch, K. (1998). A Theory of Good City Form (Seyed

Hossein Bahrainy, Trans.). Tehran, Iran: University of Tehran Press.

-Mozayeni, M. (1994). Issues on City and City Planning. Tehran: University of Tehran Press.

-Norberg-Schulz, Ch. (2002/1). The Concept of Dwelling: on the Way to Figurative Architecture (M. A.Yar Mohammadi, Trans.). Tehran: Agah Publications.

-Norberg-Schulz, Ch. (2002/2). Architecture: Presence, Language, Place (Alireza Ahmadian, Trans.).Tehran: Memar Nashr Press.

-Paumier, Cy (2010). Creating a Vibrant City Center (M. Behzadfar & A. Shakibamanesh, Trans.). Tehran:Iran University of Science and Technology Press.

-Salingaros, Nikos A. (2008). A Theory of Architecture (Saeed Zarrin Mehr & Zahir Mottaki, Trans.). Tehran:Iran Architecture and Urbanism Studying and ResearchCenter.

-Schneider, Tatjana & Jeremy T. (2007). Flexible Housing. Oxford: Architectural Press.