Natural Ventilation: Analysis of Indoor Airflow in an Assumed Cubic Building with Opposite Openings by CFD Investigations

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی


Assistant Professor of Architecture, Department of Architecture, Shahid Rajaei Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran.


The natural ventilation is an easy way to exchange the indoor polluted warm air with outdoor fresh air. The wind power injects outdoor fresh air into the building. A good indoor air current and subsequently a proper exhaust depend on the openings’ conditions and their situations. A serious architectural question is under what conditions of the openings the wind-cross ventilation can be effective, and the required indoor air current in the enclosure is established. The purpose of this article is analyzing the conditions of indoor airflow in an analytical architectural model to upgrade the natural ventilation by focusing on opposite opening’s conditions. This research considers some wind driven ventilation manner with respect to openings circumstances in an assumed cubic model. The research method includes a numerical simulation using a validated computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model. It investigates and compares the performances of different models of airflow currents in a natural ventilation process and subsequently the indoor airflow paths, under the different conditions of the openings in a fixed boundary condition model; the simulations are performed in an assumed model (a 6×6×6m cubic building with just 2 opposite openings in stationary walls as boundaries of the model) by using Gambit and Fluent software. With an analytical method (using Fluent) the gathered data would be analyzed. Finally the results are presented and generalized: the results demonstrate that whatever the wind speed is, the indoor airflow condition depends on the situations of the openings. It means that the quality of winddrive cross ventilation and its path is not depended on the wind speed. Besides for establishing proper natural ventilation, the opposite windows must not be installed in front of each other, or in the same level.


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