Reflection of Principles of Iranian Vernacular Music and Ritual Ceremonies in Designing Urban Spaces

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Professor of Urban Design, Faculty of Urban Design, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Lecturer of Urban Design, Faculty of Urban Design, Kamalolmolk University of Noshahr, Noshahr, Iran.

3 M.A. Student of Urban Design, Faculty of Urban Design, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

4 M.A. of Urban Design, School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science & Research, Tehran, Iran.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Reflection of Principles of Iranian Vernacular Music and Ritual Ceremonies in Designing Urban Spaces

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohamad Reza Pourjafar 1
  • Seyed Alireza Arbabzadehgan Hashemi 2
  • Ali Pourjafar 3
  • Mahsa Hasanpour Ahangari 4
1 Professor of Urban Design, Faculty of Urban Design, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Lecturer of Urban Design, Faculty of Urban Design, Kamalolmolk University of Noshahr, Noshahr, Iran.
3 M.A. Student of Urban Design, Faculty of Urban Design, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
4 M.A. of Urban Design, School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science & Research, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Urban design is a multidisciplinary field, consisting of both science and art. The physical aspect together with the non-physical aspects related to human – like meaning and function – along with the presence of human beings, make a successful and dynamic place to be used by people in a good way. Undoubtedly, culture as a response of a society to its requirements and a means to ensure the quality of life, is one of the most important factors that can help designers in creating an appropriate plan.Every ethnic group use specified rhythms, proportions and scale in its cultural products. As every ethnic group is accustomed to a specific kindof music, in terms of psychological aspects, it will make a more comfortable relationship with the rhythms in its own music style. If an urban designer extracts urban design principles out of the rhythm in the music and ritual rhythmic frolic of a specified ethnic group, he or she could apply them in the design process of urban spaces to create much more beloved spaces for the related ethnic group. This article first studies Iranian ethnic groups (Kurds, Lures (Bakhtiaries), and Turks are three selected ethnic groups discussed in this article)1 music and traditional frolic via collecting data both with observation and descriptive methods, extracts the hidden regularizing principles. Then analyze the regularizing principles. After that, through an in-depth interview of the target groups, elaborates these principles and finally proposes an innovative framework for designing urban spaces of these mentioned Iranian ethnic groups. Finally it is concluded that the potential of artistic indigenous values such as folk music and ritual rhythmic frolic would increase the quality of their urban design.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Music
  • Ritual Frolic
  • Iranian Ethnics
  • Urban Design
  • Urban Space

-         Arbabzadegan, A. (2011). Design of Urban Public Spaces Based on Ethnic Sub- culture (Case Study: Region 22 of Tehran), Tehran, Iran: Tarbiat Modares University.

-         Biersterd, R. (1963). Social ORDER an Introduction to Sociology, Newyork: McGraw-Hill.

-         Carmona, M. et al. (2006). Public places, urban spaces, Oxford: Architectural press, Elsevier.

-         Feraante, J. (1995). Sociality (2ed), Betmont: Wadsworth Publishers Company,

-         Johnston, R. et al. (2000). Dictionary of Human Geography, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell publishing.

-         Lynch, K. (1972). Openness of open space, Cambridge: In Banerjee, MIT press, mass.

-         Pakzad, J. (2007). Literature review and process of urban design, Tehran, Iran: Shahidi Press, secretariat of the urban planing and architecture higher council of Iran.

-         Pierre von, M. (2005). Elements of Architecture: from form to place, (M. Dolatkhah, Trans.). Tehran: Malaek press.

-         Safvat, D. & Karon, N. (2009). National Iranian music, (S. Taslimzadeh, Trans.). First edition, Tehran, Iran: Nik Ketabsaray.

-         Sternberg, E. (2000). An Integrative Theory of Urban Design, Journal of the American Planing Assosiation, 66(3), 265–278.

-         Tylor, E. B. (1991). Dictionary of Anthropology, Delhi: Jawaha Nagar.

-         Vaziri, A. (2008). Theory of Music, edited by Dorodi, S, fourth edition, Tehran: Safi-Alishah Press.

-         Zevi, B. (1957). Architecture as space: how to look out at architecture, (M. Gendel. Tran.). Newyork: Horizon Press.

-        Urban task force. (2005). Towards an Urban renaissance: final report of urban task force chaired by lord Ragers of river side, London: Taylor & Francis e-library.