Assessment of Land Use Ecological Footprint in an Iranian Small City

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Assistant Professor in Urban Planning, University of Kurdistan, Sannandaj, Iran.

2 M.A. Student in Urban Planning, University of Kurdistan, Sannandaj, Iran.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessment of Land Use Ecological Footprint in an Iranian Small City

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kyoumars habibi 1
  • Arman Rahimi kakejob 2
1 Assistant Professor in Urban Planning, University of Kurdistan, Sannandaj, Iran.
2 M.A. Student in Urban Planning, University of Kurdistan, Sannandaj, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The ecological footprint as an indicator estimates the effect of population and industrial products process on ecosystem by evaluating and calculating the used energy and materials in a city, region or country. Dehgolan County is located in Kurdistan province between Hamadan and Sanandaj cities. Dehgolan is one of the important and effective counties of Kurdistan in agriculture. However, with the population growth in the county and especially in Dehgolan town, productive and fertile lands have been invaded incrementally due to constructions in recent years. This is the main cause of severe reduction in the biological resources of the county. The main goal in this research is to evaluate and assess the rate of ecological footprint indicator of different land uses in Dehgolan County and its change during 2005 -2011, and moreover try to find different of ecological footprint and biological capacity in this county. A criteria-based method is used to calculate the footprint of land uses in this paper. Based on Ress and Wakeregnal perspectives, major land uses include forest, pasture, cropland, fisheries and built-up land. Results show that the most increase in rate of ecological footprint belongs to pasture (270%) and forest (94.7%) in 2005 -2011. Also the most decrease in biological capacity related to cropland (-9.6%). Difference between footprint and biological capacity has constantly increased and reached its maximum universal level (1.133 hectares) in 2011.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ecological Footprint
  • Biological Capacity
  • land use
  • Dehgolan County
 

-         Aall, C. & Norland, I.T. (2005). The Use of the Ecological Footprint in Local Politics and. Administration: results and implications from Norway. Local Environment 10, 159/172.

-         Anielski, M. & Jonathan, R. (1999). The Genuine Progress Indicator-1998 Update San Francisco, Calif: Redefining Progress, 58-126.

-         Barrett, J., Vallack, H., Jones, A. & Haq, G. (2002). A Material Flow Analysis and Ecological Footprint of York. Stockholm Environmental Institute, York.

-         Christian, A. (1996). “Socio-Ecological Indicators for Sustainability”, Ecological Economics, Papers 18, 89- 112.

-         Collins, A., Flynn, A., Wiedmann, T. & Barrett, J., (2006). The environmental impacts of consumption at a sub-national level. Journal of Industrial Ecology 10, 9–24.

-         Dhareshwar, D. & Mansoor Dailami, K. (2000). The Quality of Growth, Oxford University Press, 16-84.

-         GFN / Glob.al Footprint Network, 2011. http://www. Footprint network. org/en/index.php.

-         Gottlieb, D., Kissinger, M., Vigoda-Gadot, E., Haim, A. (2012). Analyzing the ecological footprint at the institutional scale / The case of an Israeli high-school, journal of Ecological Indicators 18, 91/97.

-         Guzman, J., Marrero, M. & Arellano, A. (2013). Methodology for determining the ecological footprint of the construction of residential buildings in Andalusia (Spain), Ecological indicators 25, 239-249.

-         Haberl, H & Erb.K & Krausmann, F. (2001). “How to Calculate and Interpret Ecological Footprints for Long Periods of Time: the Case of Austria 1926~1995”. Ecological Economics, Papers 38, 25-45.

-         Hanley, N. & Moffatt, I. & Faichey, R. & Wilson, M. (1999). “Measuring Sustainability: A time series of alternative.

-         Indicators for Scotland”, Ecological Economics, Papers 28, 55-73.

-         Hosainzadeh Dalir, K. & Sasanpor, F. (2010). Ecological Footprint in Metropolitan Sustainability with Regard to Tehran Megalopolis, Geographical Research Quarterly, 82, 84-100.

-         Kathryn, A. (1998). “New Methodology for the Ecological Footprint with an Application to the New Zealand Economy”,Ecological Economics, Papers 27:149-160.

-         Kissinger, M. & Haim, A. (2008). Urban hinterlands: the case of an Israeli town ecological footprint. Environment Development and Sustainability 10, 391/405.

-         Kissinger, M. & Gottlieb, D. (2010). Place oriented ecological footprint analysis: the case of Israel’s grain supply Ecological Economics, 69, 1639/1645.

-         Kitzes, J., Peller, A., Godfinger, S. & Wackernagel, M. (2007). Current methods for calculating national ecological footprint accounts. Science for Environment and Sustainable Society 4, 1/9.

-         Moran, D., Wackernagel, M., Kitzes, J.A., Goldfinger, S.H., Boutaud, A. (2008). Measuring sustainable development / nation by nation. Ecological Economics 64, 470/474.

-         Muñiz, I & Galindo, A. (2005). “Urban form and the ecological footprint of commuting: the Case of Barcelona”.Ecological Economics, Papers 55, 499-514.

-         Rezvani, M. R., Salmani, M., Ganbari, A., & Bagiani, H. R. (2010). Ecological Footprint; New approach for Environmental Impact Assessment (Concept, Application and its Assessment), Journal of Geography and Development, 20, 145-166.

-         Sarai, M. H. & Zarie Farshad, A. (2009). Ecological Footprint as an Indicator for Assessment of Societies Sustainability, Journal of Environment, 50, 15-26.

-         Scotti, M., Bondavalli, C. & Bodini, A. (2009). Ecological footprint as a tool for local sustainability: the municipality of Piacenza (Italy) as a case study. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 29, 39/50.

-         Shakor, A. & Goraishi, M. B. & Lashkari, M. & Jafari, M. (2010). Investigating and measuring tourism sustainability in the lost Behesht Boan Mamasani, Journal of new perspective in human geography, Garmsar Islamic Azad University, 3, 57-67.

-         Stoglehner. G. (2001). “Ecological Footprint- a Tool for Assessing Sustainable Energy Supplies”, Journal of Cleaner Production, Papers 11, 267-277.

-         Wackernagel, M. & Rees, W. E. (1996). Our Ecological Footprint: Reducing Human Impact on the Earth, first ed. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, BC, Canada.

-         Wackernagel, M. & Larry Onisto. (1999). “National natural capital accounting with the ecological footprint concept”Ecological Economics, Papers 29: 375-390.

-        Wackernagel, M. & William R. (1997). Our ecological footprint. Gabriola, British Columbia and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: New Society Publishers, 6-54.

-         Wackernagel, M., Onisto, L., Bello, P., Linares, A.C., Falfn, I.S.L., Garca, J.M., Guerrero, A.I.S. & Guerrero, M.G.S. (1999). National natural capital accounting with the ecological footprint concept. Ecological Economics, 29, 375/390.

-         Wackernagel, M., Schulz, N.B., Dumling, D., Linares, A.C., Jenkins, M., Kapos, V., Monfreda, C., Loh, J., Myers, N., Norgaard, R. & Randers, J. (2002). Tracing the ecological overshoot of the human economy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America 99, 9266/9271.

-         Warren-Rhodes, K. & Koenig, A. (2001). Ecosystem appropriation by Hong Kong and its implications for sustainable development. Ecological Economics 39, 347/359.

-         Wiedmann, T., Minx, J., Barrett, J. & Wackernagel, M. (2006). Allocating ecological footprints to final consumption categories with input/output analysis. Ecological Economics 56, 28/48.

-         Wood, R. & Lenzen, M. (2003). An application of a modified ecological footprint method and structural path analysis in a comparative institutional study. Local Environment 8, 365/386.

-         World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED)). 1987) Our Common Future, Oxford: Oxford University Press, U.K.

-         Zhiqiang, Z., Zhongmin, Xu. Guodong. C. & Dongjing. C. (2001). “The Ecological Footprints of the 12 Provinces of West China in 1999”, Acta Geographica Sinica, Papers 56, 97-108.

-         Zhongmin, Xu. Zhiqiang, Z. & Guodong, C. (2000). “Review Indicators of Measuring Sustainable Development”,China population, resources and environment, Papers 10, 60-64.