تأثیر کیفیت بازشوها در رضایتمندی از محرمیت در مجموعه های مسکونی، نمونه موردی: مجموعه مسکونی شوشترنو

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران.

2 گروه معماری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری معماری اسلامی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه هنر اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

ارزیابی پس از ساخت روشی است که به دنبال شناخت چگونگی عملکرد ساختمان های ساخته شده و میزان رضایتمندی
کاربران ساختمان و محیط های ساخته شده می باشد. در این روش بررسی میزان رضایتمندی کاربران بسیار مهم است.
یکی از عوامل مؤثر در میزان رضایتمندی از محیط زندگی عوامل فرهنگی و اجتماعی می باشد که به اعتقادات، آداب و
رسوم و شرایط اجتماعی ساکنان مرتبط می شود. این نوشته درصدد است تا با توجه به تأثیر اسلام بر اعتقادات و فرهنگ
بخش گسترده ای از مردم ایران، به بررسی اصل محرمیت ب هعنوان یکی از عوامل مؤثر در رضایتمندی در مسائل فرهنگی و
اجتماعی بپردازد. در این رابطه معیارهای ب هدست آمده در رابطه با رضایتمندی و محرمیت در مجموعه مسکونی شوشترنو،
ب هعنوان یکی از نمونه های مطرح در این زمینه، به وسیله روش ارزیابی پس از ساخت مورد ارزیابی قرار خواهد گرفت.
بدین منظور با استناد به یافته های علمی از منابع، مشاهدات و نظر کارشناسان ویژگی هایی تحت یک پرسشنامه استخراج
شده است. در این فرآیند از جامعه آماری 32 نفر سؤالاتی در دو بخش معماری و اجتماعی به وسیله پرسشنامه به عمل
آمد که با روش نمونه گیری خوشه ای انتخاب شده بودند. نتایجی از این یافته ها به دست آمده است که به صورت جداولی
که بر مبنای روش Expert-Choice در قسمت پایانی ارائه شده است. سپس داده های حاصل از پرسشنامه ها در برنامه
کار م یکند، مورد تحلیل و ارزیابی قرار گرفت. سپس بر پایه این تحلیل ها، نتیج هگیری صورت گرفته است. نتایج AHP
مطالعات تأییدکننده لزوم شناخت و تأثیر عوامل فرهنگی در مراحل طراحی می باشد. علاوه براین، مسأله محرمیت در
طراحی مجموعه مسکونی شوشترنو کم تر موردتوجه قرار گرفته است، همچنین نقش مدیریت از زمان طراحی تا ساخت،
سکونت و انجام تغییرات پس از سکونت بسیار بااهمیت است که در این مجموعه به نظر می رسد عدم مدیریت، بی نظمی
و بی برنامه بودن انجام اصلاحات باعث این امر شده اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Openings on Privacy Satisfaction in Residential Complexes, Case Study: New Shooshtar

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hashem HashemNejad 1
  • Mostafa Masoudinejad 2
  • Aminollah Ahadi 3
1 Associate Professor of Architecture, School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.
2 Architecture Group, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Ph.D. Student of Islamic Architecture, School of Architecture and Urban Design, Art University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) origins in the United States and it has been used in one or more forms since the 1960s. This metod is defined as the process of evaluating buildings in a systematic and rigorous manner after they have been built and occupied for some time. POE is a method of looking for recognition the performance of built buildings and knowing satisfaction of their users. This recognition is very useful to avoid repeating the mistakes and also is important to test new ideas. In this method, assessing the user satisfaction is very significant. Satisfaction is one of the most important approaches that in recent decades have been proposed in environmental quality issues.
Two of the effective factors on the life satisfaction is social and cultural factors which are related to beliefs, customs and social conditions of the residents. Due to profound impact of Islam on beliefs and culture of a wide part of the Iranian population, this article aims to assess privacy as one of the most important factors influencing satisfaction in social and cultural issues. Privacy is the quality of being secluded from the presence or view of others or the condition of being concealed or hidden. The idea of privacy as a property of a built environment is related to the advent of the humankind. In Islamic teachings, privacy has been given a holy value and caring about privacy starts with believers themselves. There is an inherent tendency in human being towards privacy, the most important of which is realized at home. Therefore, if privacy is trespassed at home, it may no longer serve as a home. In this article to evaluate the criteria of satisfaction and Privacy and doing Post Occupation Evaluation about it, the New Shoushtar residential Complex is selected. This complex is designed by contemporary architect, Kamran Diba, and won the Aga Khan award in 1986 and located in shooshtar city.
According to the scientific findings from authoritative resources, abservations and interviews with the experts, some questions as a questionnaire are extracted. Then questionnaire is completed by 32 individuals who are selected by cluster sampling.
Cluster sampling is a sampling technique used when “natural” but relatively homogeneous groupings are evident in a statistical population. In this technique, the total population is divided into these groups (or clusters) and a simple random sample of the groups is selected. Then the required information is collected from a simple random sample of the elements within each selected group. This may be done for every element in these groups or a subsample of elements may be selected within each of these groups. A common motivation for cluster sampling is to reduce the total number of interviews and costs given the desired accuracy. Assuming a fixed sample size, the technique gives more accurate results when most of the variation in the population is within the groups, not between them. In this research, the questions are adjusted in two architectural and socialissues.
The satisfaction of the privacy issues and the reasons for changes in the set of openings is investigated. Finally, obtained results are presented in tables and are assessed and evaluated by expert-choice software (a decision-making software that is based on multi-criteria decision making working according the AHP method). The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is a structured technique for organizing and analyzing complex decisions, based on mathematics and psychology. It was developed by Thomas L. Saaty in the 1970s and has been extensively studied and refined since then. It has particular application in group decision making, and is used around the world in a wide variety of decision situations, in fields such as government, business, industry, healthcare, shipbuilding, education and architecture.
The results reveal the impact of recognition of cultural factors in the design process. Moreover, the issue of privacy as an important cultural factor, playing a key role in creating the sense of security and safety for users, althoughin the design of New Shoushtar residential complex, it has received little attention.The residents’ satisfaction from privacy issues is low and it caused many problems in the openings because of the lack of security sense and psychological comfort. Need more space for living and lack of yard in some units are other reasons of some issues in the design of this complex.However management role in transforming from designing to construction is important, it seems that in this complex, lack of management, irregularitiers and lack of progromming are seriuos problems.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Post Occupation Evaluation (POE)
  • Openings
  • Satisfaction
  • Privacy
  • New Shooshtar

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