A Review of the Contextual Adaptability of Three Contemporary Urban Paradigms: New Urbanism, Urban Village and Urban Renaissance

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Assistant Professor in Urban Design, Faculty of Architecture, Urbanism and Islamic Art, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Master in Urban Design, Faculty of Architecture, Urbanism and Islamic Art, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Associate Professor in Urban Design, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Review of the Contextual Adaptability of Three Contemporary Urban Paradigms: New Urbanism, Urban Village and Urban Renaissance

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hooman Ghahremani 1
  • Niloofar Hashemi 2
  • Mostafa Abbaszadegan 3
1 Assistant Professor in Urban Design, Faculty of Architecture, Urbanism and Islamic Art, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
2 Master in Urban Design, Faculty of Architecture, Urbanism and Islamic Art, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
3 Associate Professor in Urban Design, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

By the beginning of the third millennium, environment has become an issue of global
importance. Changes arising from globalization has led to the formation of concerns that have inevitably
been effective in the field of urban planning /design. New paradigms pertaining to urban policies
have become pervasive all over the world, ignorant of the country’s local context. Lack of attention
to contextual compliance underlying some of these paradigms have caused extremes in some cases
that intensifies local-global dualities. This is especially evident in developing countries: there are
occasionally some proposals to employ international architectural consulting services with innovative/
new approaches to design or plan for large cities with great local backgrounds. In these circumstances,
the adaptability of international planning/design paradigms to local context is highlighted as a point of
concern. In this research, firstly, ‘contextualism’ is reviewed as a theory underlying urban development.
Secondly, three recent international urban development paradigms: New Urbanism, Urban Villages and
Urban Renaissance and the adaptability of their proposed solutions to urban context will be analyzed. An
analytical method for comparative research is used to describe the main ideas of research. In each section,
with an overview of the most important related literature, a multi-step process and logical reasoning,
the strategies of each paradigm are compared within a model (multiple dimensions of urban design). To
compare the adaptability of strategies to the context, ‘contextualism’ conceptual framework has been
utilized. It is concluded that each paradigm has more emphasis on a specific dimension of contextualism
which traces back to specific economic, political, cultural circumstances from which that paradigm has
been originated. Thus, when applying an international planning/design paradigm to a new environment, it
will bring about practical changes only if it is calibrated to the local area’s context initially.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • New urbanism
  • Urban Village and Urban Renaissance
  • Contextualism
  • sustainable development