عنوان مقاله [English]
Today, there are different views on all things in the past and the human view on life has followed this. The basic effort of current societies is not only to preserve other life in the usual way, but also to improve its quality in many areas. Attention to the issue of improving the life quality is important because today, the pressures of mental, psychological, economic stresses, etc. on humankind and also on the target population of the present study, has caused distress. Therefore, regarding to this issue, it seems essential to be taken refuge in which he feels comfort. One of the reasons for paying attention to the life quality is the emergence of individualism, especially in Ilam city, that has become much diminished. The life quality literally means how to live although its meaning for anyone is unique. The term of life quality is more related to the natural environment and external conditions of life such as pollution, housing quality, aesthetic aspects, traffic congestion, crime prevalence, and etc. On the other hand, life quality is also the result of the interaction of environmental, economic, health and social conditions that affects human development. Also, life quality is considered as a situation in which a person experience a relation between himself, nature, and his society while he has a feeling of internal peacetime. The structure of life quality is somewhat ambiguous. On one hand, the quality of individual life is considered as a concept of how to live a person. In a more general sense, the quality of life situations is around an agent, including situations such as the peripheral environment or culture in a given society. In addition to these two approaches, there is another approach that emphasizes on two objective and subjective dimensions of life quality that can be pointed out in social and economic ways in the life quality. In this regard, given many factors and researches that are perceived by the concept of improving life quality, the role of housing is high with regard to its application in every person’s life. Housing is the main factor in the socialization of individuals towards the world and a major commodity in the social organization of space, which plays a crucial role in the formation of individual identities, social relationships and collective goals. Inappropriate housing is an effective factor in the emergence of depression and behavioral, personality disorders, as well as reduction of individual resistance to problems. Understanding the concepts such as life or the promotion of life quality, in the initial perception have a general conceptual agreement, but the truth is not like that, because these concepts are fully personal experiences. The perception of individuals from the concept of life quality, regarding to their personal interests, experiences, feelings, etc. is different. Life Quality has a variety of definitions, depending on the context in which the way of living is studied, therefore, to understand the factors influencing the quality of life, we can easily go for the people and ask them how they feel about life. The life quality is relative more than anything else and there is no absolute and universal criterion for defining and measuring it; it is a concept that is heavily influenced by time and place. One of the ways to find ideas about improving the life quality in housing and in study area (Ilam city) is to observe and discuss with the target population in order to understand their most important needs and desires. Therefore, the research method of this paper is based on a qualitative method. To test the research using regression overlapping analysis, we tried to evaluate and categorize the variables of the research. The present paper is based on library studies, the study of Persian and Latin articles, the study of international sites and internet portals, and the most important meansfor collecting information in this area, namely, “questionnaire” and “interview.” Based on this view and formulation, distribution and statistical analysis of the questionnaire by SPSS software, we conclude that in the opinion of the target population of Ilam city, criteria such as increasing the standard level in some residential units, the use of modern schemes in design, the presence of green spaces, diverse colors, adequate lighting of spaces, and the appropriate space between units are effective in enhancing the life quality in their residential complexes.
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