عنوان مقاله [English]
Considering that children have a large population in Iran, this part of the population is considered as the future capital of our country and it plays the more important role in building tomorrow’s society. Paying attention to children and their needs in urban environments, such as education and growth and recreation, can be very effective and efficient in their future lives. The past century has been witness of an unprecedented acceleration in the changes of natural and human environments and the life style, which has affected the quality of life and the physical characteristics of cities. developing countries, like Iran, are pursuing these policies to address various cultural, social, and environmental issues. The use and allocation of urban spaces is a matter that should be considered in the daily life studies. The occurrence of any human activity in the city requires space. Considering this, one of the recent developments in the new trends in urban planning is the attention to child-centered spaces. Child-friendly designs seek to give children the right of being citizens, raise awareness, increase community participation, reduce violence against children, pay attention to environmental issues, and so on. The purpose of this research is to explain the quality of the desirable urban environment in organic and planned neighborhoods while complying with the principles of the child-oriented neighborhood. For this purpose, two neighborhoods of Khanqaha and Chaharlan Castle with new and organic tissues in Sanandaj have been investigated according to their specific characteristics. The theoretical bases of the research are based on the views of various thinkers in different field of urban, regional, social sciences and economics. For ease of work, the research evaluation model was developed in five aspects of physical, social, psychological, economic and managerial in a hierarchical way. The type of the investigation was applied and the methodology of the research was analytical-descriptive. For the final analysis of data, SPSS software was utilized. The approach of gathering information in this case study was through completing the questioner. The results of comparison of 2 neighborhoods indicate that the physical, managerial, psychological and economic components of the Khaneghah neighborhood with the planned texture are more favorable than the Qaleh Chahlanan neighborhood. Adherence to ethical principles, traditions, indigenous peoples, citizens’ cognition and trust towards each other, socialization of children with peers, equalization of the economic situation of the residents of the neighborhood have led to the improvement of social factors’ qualities in the Qaleh Chahlanan neighborhood with organic tissues. Therefore, the scores derived from the comparative comparisons of each of the components of the quality of the environment indicate that the Khaneghah neighborhood with an average of 3.11 compared to Qaleh Chahlanan neighborhood with an average of 2.96 is more desirable environmental quality with an emphasis on child-centered urban space. Therefore, the research hypothesis is proved. The results of Friedman test indicate that there is a significant difference between the planned and organic tissues between different criteria (significant levels are less than 0.05). Also, the results of independent t-test show that in the planned texture, the economic criterion with the score of 3.38 and in the organic texture, social criterion with the rating (3.49) is prior to the other criteria. Finally, a proposed model for designing and planning a suitable urban space with the aim of promoting the quality of the neighborhood child-centered design has been designed. It can be said that if assessing the quality of the environment and the child-centered urban environment by the inhabitants of the environment (parents and children), designers, and planners in the degree of cause of the subject and codification of goals shaped according to the physical and non-physical properties of each tissue, the result of this dynamic process, in the course from the stage of the point of view to the operation and vice versa, promotes the quality of the child-centered environment during the time periods. It will result in the promotion of the quality of child-centered urban spaces. Therefore, in the coming years, a movement towards a deeper look at a higher quality urban environment is required based on developed models; otherwise, the planning of the construction of neighborhoods and urban space, rather than taking into account the needs and desires of residents and children, will only be based on repetition. The same patterns will reduce the quality of the environment and cause dissatisfaction of children and citizens from space in the long run.