Analysis of the Relation between Perception of the Time Concepts and the Critical Approach of Architectural Students to History; Case Study: Architecture Students of Islamic Azad University of Qazvin

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Ph.D. Candidate in Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.

چکیده

In the process of time perception, humans continually try to find the link between the past,
present, and future periods. This matter becomes more important, when one tries to understand the events
and their outcome; both in the daily dialogue of humans and in the critical encounter with history. Truly,
how much do the current events affect our reading of the future? Or, to what extent can our expectation
from the future change the interpretation of past events? Thinking about such issues further illustrates
the importance of the concept of time. This article will answer the question: “What is the relationship
between the various types of concept of time in the daily life of the students and the definition that they
have achieved in the academic environment?” Our assumption is: “Although the patterns of daily behavior
of students can be the same, but the acquired commentary of architecture students to the concept of time
is different from each other; due to learning in architecture.” Also, the statistical population in this study
is the architecture students, and the architecture students of Qazvin Islamic Azad University (QIAU)
have been selected as a sample population. In the process of writing, first, the data collected in a logical
reasoning method determine the theoretical framework of the article; and then the research findings are
obtained with a survey approach and the questionnaire. Based on the results obtained, although the daily
life of architectural students demonstrates the high role of linear conception, the multi-active concept of
time has the highest impact on their critical view of architectural narratives, and on the student’s acquired
commentary. Such an approach leads students to a complex understanding of historical narratives.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of the Relation between Perception of the Time Concepts and the Critical Approach of Architectural Students to History; Case Study: Architecture Students of Islamic Azad University of Qazvin

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoud Habibi 1
  • Maryam Armaghan 2
  • Iman Raeisi 2
1 Ph.D. Candidate in Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In the process of time perception, humans continually try to find the link between the past,
present, and future periods. This matter becomes more important, when one tries to understand the events
and their outcome; both in the daily dialogue of humans and in the critical encounter with history. Truly,
how much do the current events affect our reading of the future? Or, to what extent can our expectation
from the future change the interpretation of past events? Thinking about such issues further illustrates
the importance of the concept of time. This article will answer the question: “What is the relationship
between the various types of concept of time in the daily life of the students and the definition that they
have achieved in the academic environment?” Our assumption is: “Although the patterns of daily behavior
of students can be the same, but the acquired commentary of architecture students to the concept of time
is different from each other; due to learning in architecture.” Also, the statistical population in this study
is the architecture students, and the architecture students of Qazvin Islamic Azad University (QIAU)
have been selected as a sample population. In the process of writing, first, the data collected in a logical
reasoning method determine the theoretical framework of the article; and then the research findings are
obtained with a survey approach and the questionnaire. Based on the results obtained, although the daily
life of architectural students demonstrates the high role of linear conception, the multi-active concept of
time has the highest impact on their critical view of architectural narratives, and on the student’s acquired
commentary. Such an approach leads students to a complex understanding of historical narratives.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • time
  • Time Concept
  • Linear Time
  • Cyclical Time
  • Multi- active Time

A. Sorokin, P. (1927). A Survey of the Cyclical

Conceptions of Social and Historical Process. Social

Forces, 6(1), 28-40.

Anad, M.Y. Kgali, B. A. (2007). Measurement of

Time. Physics Education, 277-284.

Braudel, F. (1982). On History. (S. Matthews, Trans.).

University of Chicago Press.

Bunnag, A. (2017). The Concept of Time in

Philosophy: A Comparative Study between Theravada

Buddhist and Henri Bergson’s Concept of Time from

Thai Philosophers’ Perspectives. Kasetsart Journal of

Social Sciences. 1-7.

C. Carlson, J. (1978). Social Change: A Critical

Analysis. A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of the

Graduate School, Marquette University, in Partial

Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master

of Arts, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

D. Lewis, R. (2010). When Cultures Collide. Third

Edition Leading across Cultures, Nicholas Brealey; 3th

edition. 1st in 1996

Feeney, D. (2007). Caesar’s Calendar: Ancient Time

and the Beginnings of History. University of California

Press.

Groys, B. (2009). Comrades of time. e-flux; Journal

#11. Link: http://www.e-flux.com/journal/11/61345/

comrades-of-time/

Habibpur, K. Safari, R. (2009). Comprehensive SPSS

Application Guide in Survey Research (Quantitative Data

Analysis). Loye Publisher, 2nd Edith.

Hafez-Nia, M. (2012). An Introduction to the Research

Method in Humanities. Samt Publisher, 18th Edit.

Hammer, E. (2011). Philosophy and Temporality from

Kant to Critical Theory. Cambridge University Press.

Helleloid, E. (2014). Hannah Arendt’s Phenomenology

of the Will: Contingency, Temporality, and the Nature

of Moral Judgment. A Dissertation Submitted to the

Graduate Faculty of the University of Georgia in Partial;

Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of

Philosophy; Athens, Georgia.

Klein, W. (1994). Time in Language. Psychology

Press.

Klein, W., & Li, P. (2010). The Expression of Time

(The Expression of Cognitive Categories). De Gruyter

Mouton, 3th edition

Šubrt, J. (2001). The Problem of Time from the

Perspective of the Social Sciences. Czech Sociological

Review, 9(2), 211-224.

T. Gilderhus, M. (2009). History and Historians A

Historiographical Introduction. Pearson Pub; 7th edition

Tomich, D. (2011). The Order of Historical Time: The

Longue Durée and Micro-History. Almanacka, 2, 52-65.