Investigating the Design Indicators for Increasing the Security of Inhabitants in High-rise Residential Complexes in Tehran

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Ph.D. in Housing Architecture, Professor of Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 M.A. in Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده

In the present century, the emergence of issues such as population growth, public demand
for living or working in urban centers, increasing use of land have allowed for existence of high rise
residential complexes necessary in most major cities of the world. Despite their benefits and advantages,
high-rise residential complexes have also given rise to some limitations and threats and have greatly
influenced the quality of urban life. Security is one of the indicators of life quality in cities and lack
of sufficient attention to this indicator can lead to significant social harms. Considering the need for
increasing security in the contemporary world, it is necessary to study security factors as well as the
mechanisms that seems necessary. The present study investigates the factors affecting the security of
inhabitants in High-rise residential complexes in Tehran; library studies was used for data collection
in the theoretical part of the research and the design indicators such as location and general form of
building, controllability of the spaces, guarding and electronic methods, and the use of the guard and
the fence, were categorized in order to increase security. Finally, these factors were analyzed in two
residential Complexes in Tehran (Vanak Park and Saman). For analyzing the case studies, documents,
existing maps, field observations and interviews were used, comparing, and eventually presented in five
qualitative sections of a statistical table. The findings indicate that visibility and surveillance play a major
role in increasing the security of residents in high-rise residential complexes.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Design Indicators for Increasing the Security of Inhabitants in High-rise Residential Complexes in Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Yaran 1
  • Parisa Hadavi 2
1 Ph.D. in Housing Architecture, Professor of Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Tehran, Iran
2 M.A. in Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In the present century, the emergence of issues such as population growth, public demand
for living or working in urban centers, increasing use of land have allowed for existence of high rise
residential complexes necessary in most major cities of the world. Despite their benefits and advantages,
high-rise residential complexes have also given rise to some limitations and threats and have greatly
influenced the quality of urban life. Security is one of the indicators of life quality in cities and lack
of sufficient attention to this indicator can lead to significant social harms. Considering the need for
increasing security in the contemporary world, it is necessary to study security factors as well as the
mechanisms that seems necessary. The present study investigates the factors affecting the security of
inhabitants in High-rise residential complexes in Tehran; library studies was used for data collection
in the theoretical part of the research and the design indicators such as location and general form of
building, controllability of the spaces, guarding and electronic methods, and the use of the guard and
the fence, were categorized in order to increase security. Finally, these factors were analyzed in two
residential Complexes in Tehran (Vanak Park and Saman). For analyzing the case studies, documents,
existing maps, field observations and interviews were used, comparing, and eventually presented in five
qualitative sections of a statistical table. The findings indicate that visibility and surveillance play a major
role in increasing the security of residents in high-rise residential complexes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Security
  • High-rise Residential Complexes
  • Tehran
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