عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the important issues in the architectural designing of the residential buildings is the contextual pattern of such constructions for which two introversive and extroversive patterns can be pointed out in this regard in a general classification. Despite the continuation of the introversive patterns in the traditional Iranian architecture, the application of the extroversive patterns has become completely customary in the contemporary Iranian houses due to various cultural, social, economic and other considerations and the use of introversive patterns has become completely limited during the recent decades in the architectural designing of the residential buildings. Based on the Quranic literature, the present study, investigated the superiority of the introversive patterns over the extroversive ones in the residential buildings. The theoretical foundation of the current research paper was laid on ĀYA 80 of SŪRAH NAHL that explicitly points to “Sakan” [tranquility] at home. Two other trans-temporal and similar subjects connected with appeasement at homes, namely “night” and “spouse”, were discovered in the Holy Quran in a search for the keyword “Sakan” in the other ĀYĀT of the Holy Quran. In the present study, the common aspect of the three foresaid words in regard of appeasement was decrypted through comparing and matching the ĀYĀT related to this trio (house, night and spouse) based on a qualitative content analysis method. According to the analyses, except appeasement, the only commonality that has been explicitly pinpointed in the Holy Quran’s literature for the two titles “night: Lail” and “spouse: husband or wife” was their covering characteristic that has been reminded in the Holy Quran through the use of the word “Lebās: cover”. In the end, the superiority of the application of the introversive patterns in the residential buildings was inferred based on the aforesaid common feature through the use of logical deduction method.
Akkach, S. (2005). Cosmology and Architecture in Premodern Islam: An Architectural Reading of Mystical Ideas. New York: State University of New York.
Ebn-e Babeveih, M. (1983). Al-khesal. Qom: Community of Teachers Publication.
Ghorbani, R. (2014). Islamic Desirable Architecture and Urban Planning (Islamic Desires for Housing). Tehran: Andisheh Network.
Groat, L., & Wang, D. (2008). Research Methods in Architecture. (A.R. Eynifar, Trans.). Tehran: Tehran University Press.
Haeri Mazandarani, M.R. (2009). House in Culture and Nature of Iran. Tehran: Center of Urban and Architectural Studies.
Hakim, B.S. (1986). Arabic- Islamic Cities: Building and Planning Principles. London: Kegan Paul International.
Hamzenejad, M., & Sadrian, Z. (2014). Housing Design Principles of Islam and Other Contemporary Usable Patterns. Journal of Research in Islamic Architecture, 1(4), 58-77.
Heidari, A.A., Motalabi, G., & Negintaji, F. (2014). Analysis of the Physical Sense of Place in the Traditional Houses and Modern Residential Apartments. Journal of Fine Arts, 19(3), 75-86.
Iman, M.T., & Nowshadi, M.R. (2011). Qualitative Content Analysis. Pazhuhesh, 3(2), 15-44.
Javadi Amoli, A. (2008). Tasnim, (9). Qom: Asra.
Leaman, O. (2004). Islamic Aesthetics: An Introduction. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Memarian, G.H. (2008). Introduction to House Typology in Iran (Courtyard Houses), Tehran: Soroosh-e Danesh Press.
Mortada, H. (2003). Traditional Islamic Principles of Built Environment. London: Routledge.
Naqizadeh, M. (2013). Iranian Housing, the Theoretical Foundations to Objective Effects in Past and Present. Journal of Architecture Thought, 1(2), 47-67.
Naqizadeh, M. (2008). Islamic City and Architecture (Manifestation and Visual). Esfahan: Mani Press.
Nari Ghomi, M. (2010). A Conceptual Study about the Introversion in Islamic City. Journal of Fine Arts, 2(43), 69-82.
Noghrekar, A. (2008). An Introduction to Islamic Identity in Architecture and Urbanism. Tehran: Payam-e Sima Press.
Petherbridge, G. (2000). Native Architecture: Home and Society in the Architecture of the Muslim world. (Y. Ajhand, Trans.). Tehran: Mowla Press.
Petruccioli, A. (2006). The Courtyard House: Typological Variations over Space and Time; in Courtyard Housing: Past, Present and Future. New York: Taylor & Francis.
Raeesi, M.M. (2017). A Jurisprudential Analysis on Non-desirability of Vertical Development of Residential Buildings in Islamic City. Journal of Urban Studies, 6(24), 3-16.
Raeesi, M.M. (2016). An Interdisciplinary Query on the Bedroom Design Principles Referring to Narrative Teachings of Islam. Journal of Research in Islamic Architecture, 4(3), 130-142.
Raeesi, M.M. (2019). Architecture and Urbanism in Accordance with Islamic Lifestyle. Qom: Qom University Press.
Sajadzadeh, H., Etesamian, R., & Khazaei, L. (2015). Manifestation of Introversion Concept in Iranian Bazaars with Islamic thought. Journal of Research in Islamic Architecture, 3(8), 34-45.
Seyed-e Razi, M. (2000). Nahjolbalaghe. Tehran: Scientific and Cultural Press.
Tabatabaie, M.H. (1995). Al-Mizan. (M.B. Musavi, Trans.). 20. Qom: Islamic Publications Office.
Tabrizi, M. (2014). Qualitative Content Analysis from the Perspective of Deductive and Inductive Approaches. Journal of Social Sciences, 21(64), 105-138.
Tavassoli, M. (2002). Urban Structure and Architecture in the Hot Arid Zone of Iran. Tehran: Payam Press.
Vasiq, B., Pashtounizadeh, A., & Bemanian, M.R. (2009). Housing and Location in Islam. Journal of Interdisciplinary Research of Quran, (3), 93-102.