عنوان مقاله [English]
The valuable old textures in Rasht, including the old Sagharisazan Neighborhood, are considered as the ground for the occurrence of events and reminder of the individual and collective memories of the citizens that play an important role in kinship and rendering the urban environment`s meaningfulness. The playing of the intended role entails the existence of identifiable codes in the old textures that have undergone depreciations in the course of time. The current research paper investigated the collective memories of the residents in the revitalization of the valuable and old Sagharisazan’s houses and buildings. After dealing with the existent theories in the area of the collective memory and performing a case study with an analytical approach, the hypothesis was tested. The present study’s question pivoted about the idea that is it possible to benefit from the citizens’ collective memories for the revitalization of the architecturally valuable old houses and textures or not? Moreover, the present study’s focal point has been drawn on the assumption that the continuation and preservation of the overall identity of Sagharisazan’s texture seems to be dependent on the citizens’ collective memory and sense of attachment in the intended texture. The goal of the present study was finding practical suggestions for increasing quality in the valuable old textures and, since the qualitative elaboration of the environmental factors and axes aimed at the achievement of executive suggestions, the present study’s research method was consequentially descriptive-analytical and the information has been gathered through searches in the library resources. To investigate the study sample volume’s vernacular houses and buildings, a questionnaire was prepared and arranged for assessing the indices that was administered to 47 residents in this old texture and the acquired information was analyzed using SPSS1. The results indicated that the old texture has been abandoned and many of the memories of this neighborhood have lost their color due to the urban management’s paying attention to new constructions. The role of collective memory in the revitalization of the valuable old textures can be actualized through citizens’ participation and acquiring of their cognitive amps in respect to place, preservation of the rites and rituals and holding of memorable ritual exhibitions in religious places and conservation of the valuable and old vernacular elements and applying them in the new constructions demanded by the modern statuses of the citizens.
Crap, F., & Zawadski, R. (1976). Dimensions of Urban Environmental. Quality Environmental Behavior, 8(2), 239-264.
Falahat, M.S. (2006). The Sense of Space and its Factors. Journal of Fine Arts, 26, 57-66.
Google Maps (2019). https://www.google.com/maps/place/Rasht.
Governorate of Rasht, (2015), Gilan. https://rasht.gilan.ir.
Grütter, J.K. (2014). Ästhetik der Architektur: Grundlagen der Architektur-Wahrnehmung. (Pakzad.J, Homayoun.A, Ed. & Trans.). Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University Press.
Halbwachs, M. (1980-1950). The Collective Memory. (Francis JD JV, Vid YP, Ed. & Trans.). Reprinted by Harper Colophon Books.
Lawson, B. (2012). Language Space. (Eyni Far. A, & Karimiyan. F, Trans.). Tehran, Tehran University Press.
Lewicka, M. (2008). Place Attachment, Place Identity, and Place Memory: Restoring the Forgotten City Past. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 211.
Lynch, K. (2014). The Theory of the City. (Bahrain. S.H, Sixth Ed. & Trans.) Tehran. Tehran University Press.
Ministry of Roads and Urban Development of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Gilan, (2015). http://gilan.mrud.ir.
Nadimi, H. (2014). Porch Review (Ten Articles on Architecture), Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran’s Academy of Arts.
Partoy, P. (2013). Phenomenology Place, Tehran, Shadrng Press.
Québec Declaration on the Preservation of the Spirit of Placet. (2008). Adopted at Québec, Canada.
Rico, P. (1995). Forgotten Historical Memory. Journal of Talks, Tehran, 8, 49.
Rossi, A. (1982). The Architecture of the City. Cambridge, the MIT Press, Massachusetts.
Sarmast, B., & Motevaseli, M.M. (2010). Measure and Analyze the Role of Place Scale on the Place Attachment (Case Study: Tehran). Journal of Urban Management, 26, 133-146.
Schultz, S., & Schultz, D. (2014). Theories of Personality. (Seyed Mohammadi.Y, Ed. & Trans.). Publication Editing, Tehran.
Shamai, S. (1991). Sense of Place: An Empirical Measurement, 22, 347-358.
Sun-Young, R. (2003). Boundary and Sense of Place in Traditional Korean Dwelling. Sungkyun Journal of East Asian Studies, 3(2).`
Wilson, R. (2005). Collective Memory, Group Minds and the Extended Mind Thesis.