عنوان مقاله [English]
Nowadays, large cities face many economic, social and environmental challenges, among which problems such as pollution, traffic, and so on have reduced environmental quality, and thereby livability in large cities. The present study aims to measure citizens’ satisfaction in the 4th municipal district of Tehran city with regard to the principles and indicators defined for livability, and with emphasis on environmental and social aspects. The Municipal District 4 of Tehran City is selected as a case study since it is a part of the green zone of East Tehran, where there are Iran University of Science and Technology, as a higher education environment, with green landscape, neighborhood living and a great number of students. This article identifies and analyzes the indicators that have been identified as those contributing to the understanding of people’s satisfaction with their lives by national and international experts and institutions. Given the fact that the indicators are general, using the factor analysis, the indicators are localized considering the case study by national and international experts and institutions, so that they are finally ranked, according to their importance, to be used to achieve the optimal situation in the studied area in the shortest possible time. Data are analyzed using one-sample T-test, factor analysis, and linear regression in SPSS software environment as follows: first, the one-sample T-test is used to examine the significance of indicators, then, the factor analysis is used to summarize, homogenize and localize the indicators, finally, using linear regression, the indicators are prioritized. The results show that the “attendance in space” indicator and related sub-indicators are ranked first priority, followed by “identity” and “sense of belonging to place” indicators and related sub-indicators.
Badland, H., Whitzman, L.A., & Butterworth, H. (2014). Urban Liveability: Emerging Lesson from Australian for Exploring the Potential for Indicators to Measure the Social Determinants of Health. Journal of Social Science and Medicine, 111, 64-73. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov › PubMed
Balsas, J., & Carlos, L. (2004). Measuring the Livability of an Urban Center. An Exploratory Study of Key Performance Indicators Planning. Journal of Practice and Research, 19(1), 101-110. doi:org/10.1080/0269745042000246603
Detailed Plan of District 4 of Tehran Municipality. (2005). ARSE Consulting Engineers. Tehran, Iran.
Faiz, A., Wang, W., & Bennet, C. (2012). Sustainable Rural Roads for Livelihoods and Livability. Journal, Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 53, 1-8. Doi: org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.09.854
Hall, p. (1993). Toward sustainable, liveable and Innovative Cities for 21st Century, In Proceeding of the Third Conference of the World Capitals, Tokyo, 22-28. iaiest.com › journals › v3-i6-jun2016 › pape
Howley, P., Scotl, M., & Redmondb, D. (2009). Sustainability versus Livability: An Investigation of Neighborhood Satis Faction. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 25 (6). doi.org/10.1080/09640560903083798
Larice, M. (2005). Great Neokoros’s: The Livability and Morphology of High-Density Neighborhoods in Urban North America. Phd Thesis in City and Regional Planning, University of California, Berkeley.
Lynch, K. (1997). A Theory of Good City Form. (H. Bahreini, Trans.). Tehran University Press, Tehran,Iran.
Mahmoudi, M., Ahmad, F., & Abbasi, B. (2015). Livable Streets: The Effects if Physical Prolems on the Quality and Livability of Kuala Lampur Streets. Cities. 43, 105. DOI: 10.1016/j.cities.2014.11.016
Mccrea, R., & Walters, P. (2012). Impacts of Urban Consolidation on Urban Liveability: Comparing an Inner and Outer Suburb in Brisbane, Australia. Journal Housing, 29 (2), 21. doi.org/10.1080/14036096.2011.641261
Rezvani, M., & mansorian, H. (2008). Assessing the Quality of Life: A Review of Concepts, Indices and Models, and Presentation of a Proposed Model for Rural Areas. Journal of Village and Development, 11(3), 1-26. http://rvt.agri-peri.ac.ir/
Rezvani, M., Shakiba, A., & mansorian, H. (2008). Measurement of Quality of Life in Rural Areas. Social Welfare. Journal of Social Welfare Quarterly, 8(30-31), 35-60. http://refahj.uswr.ac.ir
Shieh, E. (2011). Harmony of Industry, Voice of City. IUST Press, Tehran, Iran.
Song, y. (2011). A Livable City Study in China: Using Structural Equation Models. MS Thesis Submitted in Statistics, Department of Statistics Uppsala University.
Southworth, M. (2003). Measuring the Livable City. Built Environment, 29(4), 343-354. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23288885
Timmer, V., & Seymoar, N.K. (2005). Vancouver Working Group Discussion Paper, Vancouver.
Wheeler, S. (2013). Planning for sustainability. (M. jomepour & SH. Ahmadi, Trans.). Social Science Publications Press, Tehran, Iran.