عنوان مقاله [English]
Since the founding of mosques by the Prophet (PBUH), the concept of a mosque and its appearance has changed extensively; today’s mosques are very different in comparison to the primary mosques. As the evolution process of mosques has progressed, not only have mosque’s appearances transformed, their socio-cultural identity has also changed. In order for the true position of the mosque in society to be realized, it is necessary for it to function in two different ways: 1 ceremonial; 2 socio-cultural. Our studies show that many of the activities that occur in mosques involve both functions simultaneously. For example, group prayer has both a ceremonial purpose and a socio-cultural aspect. The combination of these two functions makes mosques popular and active; this brings about spiritual vitality and happiness. After reviewing the socio-cultural functions of mosques, we can find a way to make use of them for their true purpose. The main question is that: firstly, to what extent can we bring socio-cultural functions into play; secondly, what characteristics are necessary to achieve these functions and of what quality should they be? In order to understand these changes, we will assess the socio-cultural functions of the Mosque of Nabi which was built at the time of the Prophet (PBUH). We will compare our theoretical framework with the contemporary analysis of Iranian mosques. Subsequently, based on our conclusions we will promote a socio-cultural plan for mosques in Iran’s contemporary architecture. Once the mosques are suitable to perform a variety of socio-cultural activities they will become the center of social activities in the cities and neighborhoods, the activities will be continuous, the floor will have different sections but will not be entirely made of separate spaces and so on. In addition, this mosque will be run by all sections of society. Its users will include all ages and all social classes will be involved in decision making processes. The design process is in search of improving and increasing the presence of citizens in various parts of the mosque throughout the day; a mosque which is a part of the city and part of peoples’ lives.