عنوان مقاله [English]
For a long time, the interrelations between humankind and nature and their reciprocal effects had been a beloved area of interest for scientists and philosophers. Nowadays in some different branches of sciences such as design, environmental psychology, geology and humanism the experts refer to the nature. The mainly questions which the researchers were looking for their answers contain the survey of “how much the outside and environment could affect the behavior and morality?” and “What kind of effects?” This research is going to illustrate the Islamic thoughts derivative from holy texts and corresponding that study the other Islamic philosopher’s idea and approaches about it. For example we are going to probe and disclose the thoughts of Avicenna, Farabi, Sohravardi, Ebne Arabi and Ebne khaldoon who had been known as famous Islamic thoughtful in area of philosophy, sociology and history. This research will explore the place of these approaches in area of influence between outside and behavior and compare the result with four schools of behavioral psychology. The methodology of this research is logical – analytical. It would try to expand the Quran’s theory: “Comfort is the root of rebellion” by using the ideas of Islamic thinkers. Based on this theory the harsh environment which has low quality of life - such as Mecca - will provide better conditions for morality instead of welfare cities like Saba and Aad & Samood city which make people interested in obliquity. From worthy Ideas of Islamic thinkers which have been abandoned for a long time we can result that the different continents will provide different effects on behaviors and morality. For example for quadruplet regions “cold and dry”, “warm and wet”, “warm and dry” and “cold and wet” we can see different behavioral categories. The “warm and dry” regions have had better conditions for growing the morality and idealism.