عنوان مقاله [English]
A cemetery refers to a special place with a narrative landscape reminiscent of many historical events, and most importantly, resurrection and death. Neglecting old cemeteries will gradually lead to its transmutation. This has caused these places to be forgotten in the identity structure of many contemporary cities and their role to be diminished in the minds of citizens and given a change of use. This study mainly aims to investigate the significant role of human components in the revival of abandoned cemeteries. This study seeks to answer the question, "What are the human layer components among the different layers of the cemetery landscape?" And how to facilitate the revival of the cemetery landscape and strengthen the position attached to it in the city identity structure using this layer by reading and improving its quality. Accordingly, the concepts and layers that make up the urban landscape, especially the cemetery landscape, as a part of the urban landscape with its constituent layers were studied. More attention was paid to one of the layers (i.e., the human factor layer) as the anchor layer using descriptive-analytical research and desk research. Then, the effective components in the human landscape layer (collective, semi-collective, and individual) were prioritized. Finally, the effect of this layer on other layers was investigated for application by analyzing the obtained data using field research, especially interviews with students of Landscape Architecture (those specializing in designing such places), Tarbiat Modares University. The Results section introduces several strategies to effectively revitalize and strengthen the narrative landscape of abandoned intra-city cemeteries.