عنوان مقاله [English]
Social space theory is a trialectics view of the space that brings together the perceived, conceived, and representation space. This theory responds to the modernist and capitalist approaches to urban space. If space is limited to its perceived and conceived dimensions, the principal purpose expected from the space that transforms it into a place for the emergence of the lived space and passivity, will be removed. The current paper aims to investigate the dualities of space, non-space, and social or modern capitalist space and coding patterns and their effectiveness on the meaningfulness of space and passivity. The result of this study is to achieve a conceptual and analytical model, based on which one can study the urban space in terms of the effectiveness of the coding pattern on the passivity. Therefore, the obtained model was used in analyzing Baharestan Square as the case study in the following. The research method was qualitative and used experts-oriented (to study the perceived and conceived dimensions of space) and people-oriented (to investigate the representation aspect of space). In the first step, the observation technique was used. In the second step, an in-depth interview (interviewing 36 people) was applied. The results of the two sections indicate the space limit and hegemonic coding model for the emergence of the action and passivity concepts in the space. According to the results, to improve the passivity in the space and create the representation space, it is required to consider positive space control consisting of citizen rights and participation right in addition to the spatial occupation and spatial and social justice.