سنجش شاخصه‌های رضایت‌مندی سکونتی کودکان 11 تا 15 سال پسر در مرحله عملیات صوری آرمان‌گرا، مورد مطالعاتی: مجتمع‌های مسکونی نوساز کریم آباد در شهرستان تنکابن

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، ایران

3 استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده‌ی معماری و شهرسازی، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، ایران

چکیده

با توجه به اهمیت در نظر گرفتن رضایت ساکنان مجتمع‌های مسکونی به خصوص کودکان لازم است شاخصه‌های رضایت‌مندی ایشان شناسایی و همچنین کیفیت محیطی معماری این مجتمع‌ها مورد ارزیابی قرار گیرد. در سال‌های اخیر ساخت مجتمع‌های مسکونی بلندمرتبه و مداخله آن‌ها در بافت خانه‌های ویلایی در منطقه کریم آباد شهرستان تنکابن رو به افزایش بوده و تأثیرات این موضوع بیش‌تر گروه کم‌سالان را که دوره بلوغ فکری و آرمانی خود را طی می‌کنند تحت شعاع قرار داده است. از این رو مقاله درصدد است که به بررسی شاخصه‌های رضایت‌مندی سکونتی در دوره سنی مشخص و با تأکید بر جنسیت (مذکر) و ارزیابی مؤلفه‌های تأثیرگذار بر آن، بپردازد که از طریق تحلیل ویژگی‌های شاخص محدوده سنی عملیات صوری (15-11 سال) و به تفکیک صفات ذهنی و عینی افراد جامعه، واقع در مجتمع‌های مسکونی نوساز منطقه کریم آباد در شهرستان تنکابن انجام می‌شود. نوع پژوهش، کاربردی و به لحاظ روش آمیخته (کیفی و کمی) و از نوع تحقیق توصیفی- تحلیلی است و در بخش دیدگاه‌های نظری و مروری بر مطالعات پیشین از روش توصیفی و برای دستیابی به روابط علی و شناخت همبستگی و روابط بین متغیرها و شاخص‌ها، روش تحلیلی- پیماشی استفاده شده است. که دراین راستا علاوه بر مصاحبه، پرسشنامه بسته- پاسخ به کار گرفته شده است. نتایج حاصل نشان می‌دهد اولویت انتخاب کودکان از ابعاد رضایت‌مندی به جنبه‌های ذهنی و آرمان‌گرایانه معطوف می‌شود و البته در این سنجش صفات عینی به‌عنوان بعد دوم تأثیرگذاری و هم راستا با اثرات صفات ذهنی در میزان رضایت‌مندی کودکان مؤثر می‌باشد و می‌توان گفت با توجه به این‌که هرچند کودکان در مرحله سنی عملیات صوری دارای دیدگاه انتزاعی هستند و تفکراتشان به آرمان‌گرایی منجر می‌شود مؤلفه‌های عینی، از نگاه کودکان آرمان‌گرا نادیده گرفته نشده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessment of Residential Satisfaction Indices of the Boys Aged 11 to 15 Years Old in the Idealistic Formal Operational Stage; Case Study: Newly Built Residential Complexes in Karimabad, Tonekabon

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mozhdeh Sayyadi 1
  • Sheida Khansari 2
  • Maryam Armaghan 3
1 Ph.D. Candidate of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Given the importance of considering the residents' satisfaction of residential complexes, especially children, it is necessary to evaluate the environmental quality of these complexes architecture related to residential satisfaction. In recent years, construction of high-rise residential complexes in the context of villa houses in Tonekabon city has been increasing and this issue often has affected young people who are in the intellectual period of their life. Hence, the article seeks to study the residential satisfaction indices within a specific age range focusing on gender (male) and evaluates the components affecting it. This work is done by analyzing the prominent features of formal operational age range (11-15 years old) and separating the mental and concrete attributes of the community members in newly built residential complexes of Karimabad district of Tonekabon city. This descriptive-analytical study is a kind of applied research that used mixed (qualitative-quantitative) method, and descriptive method has been used in parts of theoretical views and review of previous studies. To achieve the casual relationships and recognition of the correlation and relations among variables and indices, analytical survey method is applied. In this regard, in addition to the interview, a closed-ended questionnaire has been applied as well. The results show that among the set of factors affecting residential satisfaction, mental and idealistic dimensions more than concrete dimensions are considered and selected by the children and it is noteworthy that although the children have an abstract view in the formal operational age stage and their thoughts lead to idealism, concrete components are not ignored in the eyes of idealist children.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • children
  • Formal Thought
  • Idealism
  • Concrete and Mental Attributes
  • Residential Satisfaction
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