واکاوی منظر شهری تاریخی اصفهان مبتنی بر بنیان‌های فرهنگی و طبیعی از آغاز تا پایان دوران صفوی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری، پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه مهندسی معماری، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه خلیج فارس، بوشهر، ایران

چکیده

این مقاله در پی آن است که شهر تاریخی اصفهان را مبتنی بر رویکرد منظر شهری تاریخی مورد بازشناخت قرار دهد تا از خلال آن بنیان‌های اصلی شکل‌گیری و ادامه حیات این شهر را در گذر زمان مورد بررسی قرار دهد. برای دستیابی به این هدف رویکرد کیفی برگزیده شده است و با بهره‌گیری از روش تفسیری- تاریخی سیر تحول شهر اصفهان در گذر زمان از خلال منابع مکتوب مبتنی بر بنیان‌های فرهنگی و طبیعی آن مورد بازخوانی قرار می‌گیرد. جهت واکاوی بنیان فرهنگ، چهار مؤلفه دانش بومی، دین و مذهب، عرفان، و فلسفه به‌عنوان مؤلفه‌های شکل‌دهنده به فرهنگ مورد واکاوی قرار می‌گیرد. دستاورهای این مقاله نشان می‌دهد که طبیعت و مذهب دو بنیان اصلی در منظر شهری تاریخی اصفهان هستند که برای دستیابی به حفاظتی کل‌نگر باید محور اصلی هر برنامه و اقدام حفاظتی قرار گیرند. علاوه بر آن جاذبه خارجی فرهنگی و نیز دافعه داخلی فرهنگی به‌عنوان دو عامل اثرگذار در منظر شهری تاریخی این شهر آشکار شد. بر این اساس، تبیین شد که هر برنامه حفاظتی و توسعه‌ای در شهر باید با هماهنگی با بنیان‌های طبیعی و فرهنگی اصلی شکل‌دهنده به آن صورت پذیرد تا بتواند در فائق آمدن بر چالش‌های احتمالی حفاظت و توسعه مؤثر واقع شد. مبتنی بر دستاوردهای این مقاله، مشخص شد که برنامه‌ریزی در راستای حفاظت از شهر تاریخی اصفهان باید بیش از هر چیز بر حفاظت از دو بنیان طبیعت و مذهب متمرکز شود. این امر مستلزم آن است که نگاه جزء‌نگر به عناصر تشکیل‌دهنده شهر مانند بناهای تاریخی و فضاهای شهری که در حال حاضر پارادایم اصلی در استراتژی‌های حفاظتی و توسعه‌ای هست، باید به سمت حفاظت از بنیان‌های اصلی شکل‌دهنده به آن سوق یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of the Historic Urban Landscape of Isfahan Based on the Cultural and Natural Foundations from the Beginning to the End of the Safavid Era

نویسندگان [English]

  • Parastoo Eshrati 1
  • Pouya Doulabi 2
1 Assistant Professor of Architecture, School of Architecture, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Architecture, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Persian Gulf University, Bushehr, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The current paper attempted to recognize the historical city of Isfahan based on the Historic Urban Landscape (HUL) approach to investigate the key foundations of the formation and continuity of this city over time. The qualitative approach was used to achieve this purpose. Also, the historical-interpretive method was utilized to reread the evolution of Isfahan overtime by written resources based on its natural and cultural foundations. Indigenous knowledge, religion and faith, mysticism, and philosophy were investigated as the constituent components of the culture to analyze the foundation of culture. The research results indicated that nature and religion were two main foundations in the HUL of Isfahan that must be the center of each conservation measure or plan to achieve holistic conservation. Also, external cultural attraction and internal cultural repulsion were revealed as two influential factors in a HUL. Accordingly, it was explained that each conservation and development plan in the city must be implemented in accordance with its main constituent cultural and natural foundations to overcome the possible conservation and development challenges effectively. Based on the results of this paper, it was revealed that the planning in the conservation of the historical city of Isfahan must be based on the conservation of religion and nature. It requires that the atomistic approach to the constituent elements of the city, such as historical monuments and urban spaces, which is currently the main paradigm in the conservation and development strategies, must be directed to the conservation of its main constituent foundations.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Historic Urban Landscape (HUL)
  • Isfahan
  • Cultural and Natural Foundation
  • Historical city
  • Cultural landscape
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