عنوان مقاله [English]
From long ago, water has been the most important element of development and reclamation in the world. The specific situation of water resources, heterogeneous rainfall distribution, frequent droughts and disregard to the principles related to the maintenance and protection of water resources have attracted the human’s creative mind toward themselves throughout the history. Therefore, various methods have been followed in order to discover creative and original solutions for this problem. Moreover, optimum applications of techniques for utilizing underground waters and more promotion of the related training have been considered. Excavating underground waters using Qanat, as an amazing hand-made phenomenon, has been interesting for many historians and researchers. Today, these natural, eco-friendly and stable systems are among the exciting educational and scientific topics in the advanced countries’ research centers and universities. Qanat is the persistent and hidden-in-the-soil heritage and one of the cultural and scientific Iranian treasures. In fact, Qanat is one of the most important native-born buildings in Iran which has been developed as the result of Iranian art and culture through the generations. Studying Qanats from tourism point of view, paying attention to the issue of education and holding training workshops can not only clarify a number of vague points of the native technology trend in this land but also advance economic, cultural and scientific developments in Iran. In this paper Qanat’s stable technology is studied in Iranian culture and its influence on the ecosystem and natural landscape is investigated. Furthermore, the issue of training promotion is considered to be essential whether from technical ecosystem aspects or from historical, cultural, economic and social viewpoints. Permanent utilization, revival and maintenance of Qanats as the human’s greatest achievement are analyzed aiming at expanding the related knowledge and technology, developing a new attitude toward it and advancing tourism.