عنوان مقاله [English]
Flexibility as an ability to respond to changing circumstances is one of the vital characteristics of the natural and built environment. During the contemporary era, diversity of methods relating the architectural flexibility execution are suggested. But along with contemporary conceptual approaches toward pluralism and uncertainty, it seems that the multiplicity of approaches toward flexibility, not only does not have enough efficiency in providing quality in flexibility, but also their plurality produce a kind of ambiguity about the subject. Considering the conceptual roots of flexibility, this article tries to shift the approaches of flexibility from absolute ‘dynamism’ to interaction of ‘durability 'and ‘dynamism’. In this relation, considering the interdisciplinary theories and with dependence to architectural theories, the quality of interaction of durability and dynamism is analyzed. Studying theoretical ideas show that the interaction of dynamism and durability is a general reality in different phenomenon and so it can be studied as a trans disciplinary field. According to the results, in an architectural work, durability and dynamism can produce complementary characteristics. Quality flexibility have effected on reaching dynamic situation through preserving durable concepts and values of architecture. Coexistence of durability and dynamism is dependent on ‘change controller’. ‘Change Controllers’ are not only the preserver of durability and effective in producing unity, but also are the generator of dynamism.
- Ahmadi, B. (2004). Structure and Hermeneutics. Tehran, Iran: Game No Publishers.
- Ahmadi, B. (2006). The Text Structure and Textual Interpretation. Tehran, Iran: Nashre Markaz.
- Ahmadi, M. H. (2007). The Will to Change. Tehran: Iran: Sooreh Mehr, Islamic Cultura and Art Reseach Center.
- Alexander, C. (2002). The Nature of Order (Vol. 2). Berkeley: The Center for Environmental Structure. Alexander, C. (2002). The Timeless Way of Building (Mehrdad Ghayyoomi Bidhemdi, Trans.). Tehran, Iran: Shahid Beheshti University.
- Ardalan, N. & Bakhtiar, L. (2001). Sense of Unity (Hamid Shahrokh, Trans.). Isfahan, Iran: Nashre Khak. Arheim, R. (2003). The Dynamics of Architectural Forms (Mehrdad Qayyoomi Bidhendi, Trans.). Tehran, Iran: Study and Codifucation of Humanities Books Organization.
- Avini, S. M. (Trans.) (1991). Timelessness and Art. Tehran, Iran: Barg Publishers.
- Benevolo, L. (1998). Histoire de L’architecture Moderne (Hassan Nayyer Ahmadi, Trans.) (Vol.1). Tehran, Iran: Nirsan Consulting Engineering.
- Bently, I., Alcock, A., Murrain, P., McGlynn, S. & Smith, G. (2003). Responsive Environments (Mostafa Behzadfar, Trans.). Tehran, Iran: University of Science and Technology Press.
- Capon, D. S. (1999). Architectural Theory (Vol. 1). England: John Wiley.
- Ching, Francis D. K. (1989). Architecture: Form, Space and Order (Zohreh Gharaghozlou, Trans.). Tehran, Iran: University of Tehran Press.
- Einifar, A. (2003). A Model to Analyze Residential Spaces: Based on Flexible Criteria of Traditional Housing, Honar-ha-ye-Ziba, 13 (1), 64-77.
- Gharavi Khansari, M. (2009). Architectural Flexibility: Roots and Pathologies in Contemporary Architecture, Honar-ha-ye-Ziba, 40 (1), 81-90.
- Giurgola, R. (2005). Louis Kahn (A. Jabalameli, Trans.). Isfahan, Iran: Nashre Khak.
- Grütter, J. (2004). Ästhetik der Architektur (Jahanshah Pakzad, & Abdolreza Homayun, Trans.). Tehran, Iran: Shahid Beheshti University Press.
- Hashemi Golpaygani, M. R. & Tahami, S. E. (2007). Fundamental of Systems and Engineering Cybernetics.
- Mashhad, Iran: Mashhad Islamic Azad University Press.
- Hassanzade Amoli, H. (1996). Research about Motion. Tehran, Iran: Raja Cultural Publication.
- Hillier, B. & Leaman, A. (1972-3). Structure, System and Transformation. In Transactions of the Society Bartlett (9, 36-77). London: Bartlett School of Architecture, University College.
- Jencks, C. (1996). What is Post-Modernism? (Farhad Beizaee, Trans.). Tehran, Iran: Nashre Marandiz.
- Jencks, C. & Kropt, K. (2007). Theories and Manifestoes of Contemporary Architecture. London: Wiley-Academy.
- Khoei, H. (2000) ‘Critisism and Pseudo-Crticism: Reflections on the Approaches Adopted by Critics of Works of Architecture’ (Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation). Tehran, Iran: University College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran.
- Laseau, P. & Tice, J. (1992). Frank Lloyd Wright, Between Principle and Form. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.
- Lawlor, R. (1989). Sacred Geometry, Philosophy and Practice (Hayedeh Moayyeri, Trans.). Tehran, Iran: Cultural Studies and Researches Institute.
- Leupen, B. (2006). Frame and Generic Space. Rotterdam: 010 Publishers.
- Lüchinger, A. (1981). Structuralism in Architecture and Urban Planning. Stuttgart: Karl Kramer Verlag.
- Lynch, K. (1993). The Image of the City (Manoochehr Mozayeni, Trans.). Tehran, Iran: University of Tehran Press.
- Lynch, K. (1997). A Theory of Good City Form (Seyed Hossein Bahrainy, Trans.). Tehran, Iran: University of Tehran Press.
- Mahdavinejad, M. (2005). Education of Architectural Criticism, Journal of Fine Arts, Honar-ha-ye-Ziba, 23 (1), 69-76.
- Mohammadzade, M. (2004). Gestalt Theory, Memar Journal, 21, 21-24.
- Motahhari, M. (2008). Collection of Writings (Vol. 11) Tehran, Iran: Sadra Publication.
- Nasr, S. H. (1996). A Young Muslim’s Guide to the Modern World (Reza Asadi, Trans.). Tehran, Iran: Tarhe No Press.
- Nasr, S. H. (1999). Global View of Islam and Western Modern Sciences, in Soroosh Book for Westology,
- Tehran, Iran: Sorosh Publications.
- Norberg-Schulz, C. (2007). Meaning in Western Architecture (Mehrdad Ghayyoomi Bidhendi, Trans.). Tehran, Iran: Academy of Art Publications.
- Politano, A. (2006). The Plan-less House, Shinkenchiku Residential design Competition.
- URL1: flexible. (n.d.), In Cambridge Advanced learner’s Dictionary, Retrieved November 14, 2010, from http://dictionary.cambridge.org/search/ british/? q=flexible&x=64&y=6.
- URL2: flexibility. (n.d.), In Wikipedia-The Free Encyclopedia, Retrieved November 14, 2010, from http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flexibility.