Assessing the Implementation of the Functional Principles of Transit Oriented Development in the Mirdamad Station Complex

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Urban Planning, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 MSc. Student of Urban Planning, Urban Planning, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 MSc. of Urban Planning, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the Implementation of the Functional Principles of Transit Oriented Development in the Mirdamad Station Complex

نویسندگان [English]

  • Pooyan Shahabian 1
  • Reyhaneh Asadi 2
  • Mahboubeh Mohammadi 3
چکیده [English]

Today’s Transportation is known as one of the most important elements of urban development structure. Public Transportation, according to its more extensive functional capacity, can play a vital role in wider scale. Transit Oriented development by focusing on the subways is one of the special approaches in this field. Recently, Tehran Public Transport Fleet has significantly improved especially in the field of subway and BRT. Although Tehran has the potential capacity it could not only benefit from the advantages of this development, but also has imposed many social and traffic problems around stationary complexes. These are because of lack of implementation principles of TOD and the proper functioning of them. Mirdamad Station Complex plays a role in the implementation of these principles to achieve an efficient station complex. TOD is included four main principles: (1) Intensive development, (2) mixed land uses, (3) pedestrian-orientation, (4) Transportation facilities. In this study, the functional principles of TOD in the Mirdamad Station Complex are assessed using librarian data and archived studies in order to do descriptive and analytical research. As a main result the Mirdamad Station Complex, with the implementation rate of two-third of the functional principles, is in desirable condition and can be used as one of the complex station in Tehran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Transit-Oriented Development Principles
  • subway
  • Mirdamad Station Complex

Abbaszadegan, M., Rezazadeh R., Mohammadi M. & Alipour S. (2010). Evaluation of Parameters Affecting the Satisfaction of Residence in Neighborhood Adjacent to Metro Stations, Transit Research Journal, 17(3),1-17 .

Abbaszadegan, M., Rezazadeh R., & Mohammadi M. (2011). Study on the Concept of Transit-Oriented Development and the Position of Tehran Urban Metro in it. Baqnazar Quarterly, 8(17), 43-58.

 American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). (2006). the Role of State DOTs in Support of Transit-Oriented Development (TOD), Cambridge Systematic: Author. Behtash, F. (2004). Feasibility Study and Spatial Planning of Metro Station Complexes. MSc. Thesis, Tarbiat Moddaress University, Tehran, Iran.

Behzadfar, M., Zabihi M., (2011). Guideline for Planning Urban Area on the Basis of Transit-Oriented Development. Baqnazar Quarterly, 8(18), 1-12 .

Benteli, E., Alkak , A., Morin P., McGlin S., & Graham S., (2009), Responsive Environment, (Behzadfar, M. Trans.), Tehran, Iran University of Science and Technology Press.

 Belzer, D., Autler, G. (2002). Transit Oriented Development: Moving From Rhetoric to Reality, A Discussion Paper Prepared for The Brooking Institution Center on Urban And Metropolitan Policy and The Great American Station Foundation, Washington, DC.

Calthrope, P. (1993). The Next American Metropolis (Ecology, Community and American Dream) Princeton, N.J: Princeton Architectural Press.

CANPZD. (2006). Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Guidebook, City of Austin Neighborhood Planning and Zoning Department, Austin: Metropolitan.

 Council Daisa, J. M. (2004). Traffic, Parking, and Transit- Oriented Development, The New Transit Town; Best Practices In Transit-Oriented Development, Washington, Covelo & London: Island Press. Doina, O., Brett, S., John H.E. Taplin (2011), Residential Location And Transit-Oriented Development in a New Rail Corridor, Transportation Researches.

 Feri, H.B. (2004). Urban Designing Towards More Sustained Cities,( H. Bahreini Trans.), Tehran City Hall Press, Urban Processing and Planning Company.

Greenberg, E. (2004). Regulations Shape Reality: Zoning for Transit-Oriented Development, The New Transit

Town; Best Practices In Transit-Oriented Development, Washington, Covelo &London: Island Press. Hedayati, J. (2002). Transit-Oriented Development. Proceedings of to Tehran-Metro Conference, Metro Company.

 Houshmand, M. (2010). Some Definition for Transit Oriented Development, www.Suite101.com. Khaksari, A., & Tahmasebi S. (2011). Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Traffic and Transit Engineering. 6-13.

 Keith A. Ratner, Andrew R. Goetz, (2013). the Reshaping Of Land Use and Urban Form in Denver through TransitOriented Development, Cities Journal, 30, 31–46.

Larimian, T., Sadeghi A. & Abdollah B. (2011). Prioritizing Indices Affecting the Fulfillment of Transit-Oriented Development by Making Use of AHP. Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Transit and Traffic Engineering, 6-16.

 Rafi’ian, M., AsgariTafreshi H. (2009). Study on Land Supply Pattern around Metro Stations Using ClientOriented Perspective. Urban Management Quarterly, 24(2), 81-93.

RezabeigiSani, R., Shirmohammadi H., & RezabeigiSani F. (2011). Study on Different Aspects of Transit-Oriented Development In Giant Cities And New Cities. Proceedings of 11thInternational Conference on Transit and Traffic Engineering.

Sarikhani, M. (2004). Station Complex. M.Sc. Thesis, Architecture Group, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.

Soltani, A., Azadeh S.R., & Zare, M. (2010) Economical Value Added of Transit-Oriented Development Projects in Central Part of Shiraz. Transit-Oriented Development Guidebook, City of Austin Neighborhood Planning and Zoning Department, January, 2005.

Valley Connections, (2001), Model Transit-Oriented District Overlay Zoning Ordinance, Prepared for Valley Connections, Community Design and Architecture.

 Willson, R. (2005). Parking Policy for TransitOriented Development: Lessons for Cities, Agecies and Developers, Journal of Public Transportation, 8 (5).