عنوان مقاله [English]
The meaning of place and, consequently, the quality of relationship between people and places has become significant due to the current ever rising identity crises and the breakdown of meaning as a result of various phenomena such as globalization. Since the open space has lost its value and since the open space design is not considered in residential complexes, the close relationship between residents and the environment has been degraded and the sense of place attachment is forgotten in design. Therefore, this research seeks to define the effective components of place meaning, place attachment and the quality of residents and open space interaction in residential complexes. In this regard, the main question is how the components of physical environment (objective) and psychological environment (subjective) relate and counterbalance; and also, which component of place attachment has the most effect factor on open space design in residential complexes. To achieve the abovementioned goal, this research is configured in three phases: explaining, scrutinizing and evaluating the findings. This paper is an applied research conducted through analytical-descriptive methodology. The data were collected in two ways: documentary-library and field-survey; and were processed through questionnaires, descriptive statistics and inferential statistics, using SPSS software and linear regression. Eventually, the data were evaluated and analyzed regarding the impact rate of each component of the triple indicators of place attachment in the residential complexes in three general categories: meaning, emotional and functional aspects. The data were used in six components of open space, including the pedestrian access, driveway access, playing space, green space, urban furniture and sitting space. The results show that place attachment components have the highest impact on green space and the playing space, pedestrian access, furniture, driveway access and then the sitting space are the most effective factors respectively; it can be mentioned that place attachment indicators interrelate directly.
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