عنوان مقاله [English]
This research focuses on the analysis of creativity in the process of architectural design works of the Islamic revolution in Iran. The research methodology is “descriptive-analytic” in the stage of theoretical literature and “content analysis” in the operational stage. The statistical population is composed of four architectural works chosen from “Memar” award winning architectural works in 2001-2017 based on the indices derived from theoretical foundations, i.e. “a. value exhibition, b. creation of ambiguity, c. creation of tension, d. form transformability and deconstruction, e. use of tangible and intangible metaphors, and f. use of paradox and metaphysics”. This study tries to evaluate the creativity indices in the selected samples and seeks to see whether there is any significant relationship between the indices of creativity and the effectiveness of the works and the process of their selection as the superior sample. At the end, the analyses suggest that there is no significant relationship between the effectiveness of these indices in the totality of works and the process of selection as creative works; it seems that the referees of the competition did not have any unique procedure for their selection. Moreover, it is concluded that the ambiguity in the process of design has been against the creation of value; because the effects with higher mean marks in value exhibition, contradiction, order and chaos, fullness and emptiness, lightness and heaviness, natural and artificial, new and old offer lower marks in “creation of ambiguity”. Paradox and metaphysics were of the highest degrees and the factor of “new and old” had the lowest ranks. Given the types of architectural styles of revolution, in terms of form, modern materials and technologies, unique examples of creativity have taken form proportionate to the growth of technology and the relationship of the context and background of the monument.
AfsharAhmadi, A. (2005). Tehran Brick Buildings View. Architecture & Urbanism Journal, (81).
Afshar Naderi, K. (2005). Coexistence of Opposites in Iranian Architecture. Abadi, 19(5).
Ahmadi, F. (2004). An Alternative Experience in the Field of Stable Architecture. Memar Magazine, 26, 48-49.
Antoniades, A.C. (2006). Poetics of Architecture. (Creativity in Architecture). Theory of Design: Invisible Strategies towards Creativity in Architecture. (A.R. Ay, Trans.). Tehran. Soroush.
Banimasoud, A. (2009). Architecture of Contemporary Iran: Conflict between Tradition and Modernity. Tehran. Memari Qarn.
Bavar, S. (2009). An Introduction of the Emergence of Modern Architecture in Iran. Tehran. Faza.
Contemporary Architecture Research Group. (2006). Review of Contemporary Iranian Architecture Approaches. Architecture & Urbanism Journal, 84.
Country Festival of Building Engineering. (1998). Architectural and Urban Development Projects Contemporary Engineering and Architecture of Iran: a Collection of Engineering, Architecture & Urbanism, Deputy of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Planning.
Dastvar, A., & Ahadi, P. (2016). A Review of the Works and Ideas of Bahram Shirdel. Third Congress on New Horizons in the Domain of Civil Engineering.
Dehbashi, M. (2006). Iranian Countenance of Modern Architecture. Memar Magazine, 72-73.
Diba, D., & Ansari, M. (1995). Evolution of Relation of Man with Artificial Environment. First Congress on History of Architecture.
Diba, D. (1999). Acquisition of a Language for Contemporary Iranian Architecture.
Diba, D. (1999). Inspiration and Conception of Fundamental Architectural Notions of Iran. Journal of Architecture and Culture, 1(1).
Forutan, M. (2006). A Study of the Evolution of Colors in Contemporary Architecture in IRAN AND WEST. Architecture & Urbanism Journal, 76-77.
Gavin, S. (1990). Creative Imagination. (G. Khoshdel, Trans.). Third Edition. Tehran. Hamrah Press.
Hojjat, M. (1996). Lectures of Theoretical Foundations of Architecture. Bachelor Course. Tehran University. Campus of Fine Arts.
Hosseinzadeh, V., & Hossein Qolinezhad, K. (2010). Styles and Approaches in Contemporary Iranian Architecture during Islamic Revolution. (1979-2009). National Conference on Contemporary Architecture and Urbanization in Iran. BAYZA. Islamic Azad University of Bayza.
Jawdat, M.R. (1999). Six Key Concepts in Contemporary Architecture. Tehran, Toseh Press.
Le Corbusie. (2007). Modern Architecture: A New Approach to Architecture. (M. Dolatkhah, Trans.). Tehran. Malaek Press.
Mirmiran, H. (1996). New Current in Architectural Tradition of Iran. Architecture & Urbanism Journal, 31, 32(6).
Mirmiran, H. (2006). Sepahsalar Mosque. Architect, 8.
Moini, S.M., & Khoshbin, Sh. (2016). The Study of Theory and Pattern of Design in Sayed Hadi Mirmiran’s Works, Case Study: Rafsanjan Sports and Bar Association.The First National Conference on Architecture and Urban Planning (Thought, Theories and Methods), Malayer, Islamic Azad University of Malayer.
Mozayyani, M. (2000). Art, Architecture and Urbanization. Municipalities, Second Year, 20.
Naderi, M., & Ardalani, H. (2018). A Study of the Concept of Creativity in Art and Architecture with an Emphasis on the Ideas of Aristotles. Journal of Urban Management, 47.
Nasr, S.H. (1987). Science in Islam. (A. Aram, Trans.).Tehran. Soroush.
Nasr, S.H. (2000). Man and Nature, Tehran, Islamic Culture Press.
Noqrehkar, H. (2006). Pamphlet of Islamic Art Wisdom. Elm va Sanaat University.
Qarebaghi, A.A. (2008). Genealogy of Postmodernism. Golestaneh, 7, 43.
Qobadian, V. (2013). Neoclassic Architecture. Journal of Architecture and Culture, 10(3).
Safmanesh, K., & Monadizadeh, B. (1999).Architectural Developments in 1920-1941. Journal of International Conference Architecture and Urban Design, 2nd volume
Salahi, B., & Asefi, M. (2015). Creativity and Architecture, First Conference on Architectural Studies.
Shojaei, S.M. (2015). Recognition of Iranian Architecture and Interior Architecture Used in the Building of the Dezfoul Cultural Complex. The First National Conference of Iranian and Islamic Architecture, Shiraz, Shiraz Municipality and Engineering Organization.
Wimmer, R.D., & Dominick, J.R. (2005). Research in Mass Media. (K. Seyed Emami, Trans.). Irib, Research Center.