Analysis of Creativity in Architectural Design after the Islamic Revolution; Case Study: The Selected Award Winning Architectural Works

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 Ph.D. Student of Architecture, Department of Architecture, UAE Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dubai, UAE

2 Assistant Professor of Architecture, Department of Architecture, College of Architecture and Urbanism,Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Architecture, Department of Architecture, College of Architecture and Urbanism,Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده

This research focuses on the analysis of creativity in the process of architectural design works of the Islamic revolution in Iran. The research methodology is “descriptive-analytic” in the stage of theoretical literature and “content analysis” in the operational stage. The statistical population is composed of four architectural works chosen from “Memar” award winning architectural works in 2001-2017 based on the indices derived from theoretical foundations, i.e. “a. value exhibition, b. creation of ambiguity, c. creation of tension, d. form transformability and deconstruction, e. use of tangible and intangible metaphors, and f. use of paradox and metaphysics”. This study tries to evaluate the creativity indices in the selected samples and seeks to see whether there is any significant relationship between the indices of creativity and the effectiveness of the works and the process of their selection as the superior sample. At the end, the analyses suggest that there is no significant relationship between the effectiveness of these indices in the totality of works and the process of selection as creative works; it seems that the referees of the competition did not have any unique procedure for their selection. Moreover, it is concluded that the ambiguity in the process of design has been against the creation of value; because the effects with higher mean marks in value exhibition, contradiction, order and chaos, fullness and emptiness, lightness and heaviness, natural and artificial, new and old offer lower marks in “creation of ambiguity”. Paradox and metaphysics were of the highest degrees and the factor of “new and old” had the lowest ranks. Given the types of architectural styles of revolution, in terms of form, modern materials and technologies, unique examples of creativity have taken form proportionate to the growth of technology and the relationship of the context and background of the monument. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of Creativity in Architectural Design after the Islamic Revolution; Case Study: The Selected Award Winning Architectural Works

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shahab Ilka 1
  • Kaveh Bazrafkan 2
  • Hossein Soltanzadeh 3
1 Ph.D. Student of Architecture, Department of Architecture, UAE Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dubai, UAE
2 Assistant Professor of Architecture, Department of Architecture, College of Architecture and Urbanism,Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor of Architecture, Department of Architecture, College of Architecture and Urbanism,Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research focuses on the analysis of creativity in the process of architectural design works of the Islamic revolution in Iran. The research methodology is “descriptive-analytic” in the stage of theoretical literature and “content analysis” in the operational stage. The statistical population is composed of four architectural works chosen from “Memar” award winning architectural works in 2001-2017 based on the indices derived from theoretical foundations, i.e. “a. value exhibition, b. creation of ambiguity, c. creation of tension, d. form transformability and deconstruction, e. use of tangible and intangible metaphors, and f. use of paradox and metaphysics”. This study tries to evaluate the creativity indices in the selected samples and seeks to see whether there is any significant relationship between the indices of creativity and the effectiveness of the works and the process of their selection as the superior sample. At the end, the analyses suggest that there is no significant relationship between the effectiveness of these indices in the totality of works and the process of selection as creative works; it seems that the referees of the competition did not have any unique procedure for their selection. Moreover, it is concluded that the ambiguity in the process of design has been against the creation of value; because the effects with higher mean marks in value exhibition, contradiction, order and chaos, fullness and emptiness, lightness and heaviness, natural and artificial, new and old offer lower marks in “creation of ambiguity”. Paradox and metaphysics were of the highest degrees and the factor of “new and old” had the lowest ranks. Given the types of architectural styles of revolution, in terms of form, modern materials and technologies, unique examples of creativity have taken form proportionate to the growth of technology and the relationship of the context and background of the monument. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • creativity
  • Design Process of Architecture
  • Indices of Creative Design

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