ارزیابی نحوه تأثیر مؤلفه‌های کالبدی بر ارتقاء احساس امنیت در فضاهای آموزشی از دیدگاه دانش‌آموزان، مورد مطالعاتی: دبیرستان‌های بجنورد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده هنر، دانشگاه بجنورد، بجنورد، ایران

چکیده

یکی از مهم‌ترین اقدامات در برنامه‌ریزی طراحی فضاهای آموزشی توجه به ایمنی فیزیکی این فضاها است. این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اهمیت امنیت فیزیکی و شناسایی متغیرهای محیطی ایجاد امنیت در فضاهای آموزشی انجام پذیرفته و در همین راستا پژوهش حاضر با هدف شناسایی عوامل کالبدی مؤثر بر احساس امنیت دانش‌آموزان در فضاهای آموزشی شهر بجنورد صورت گرفته است. در این پژوهش از روش‌های پیمایشی و تحقیق همبستگی استفاده شده است. این پژوهش به دنبال پاسخگویی به پرسش‌های ذیل است، عوامل تأثیرگذار بر امنیت کدام‌اند؟ مهم‌ترین عوامل کالبدی تأثیرگذار بر مدرسه امن کدام است؟ مهم‌ترین عوامل اجتماعی- میان فردی تأثیرگذار بر مدرسه امن کدام است؟ با توجه به سؤالات پژوهش فرضیه ذیل برای پژوهش تبیین شد، محیط در ارتقا و بهبود امنیت تأثیرگذار است. در این راستا از آزمون آماری فریدمن و همبستگی پیرسون جهت تعیین رابطه و شدت و جهت رابطه بین متغیرهای مستقل و وابسته استفاده شده و  بر این اساس شش مؤلفه مورد سنجش واقع شده است. خلاصه نتایج پژوهش حاکی از آن است بین شاخص‌ها از دیدگاه دانش‌آموزان و احساس امنیت رابطه معنی‌داری وجود دارد. با توجه به ضرایب همبستگی می‌توان شاخص‌ها را به صورت زیر اولویت‌بندی کرد: قلمروگرایی، نظارت‌پذیری، کیفیت فضا، فعالیت، کنترل دسترسی. نتایج نشان می‌دهد بین میانگین وضع مطلوب در هر شش شاخص بین دانش‌آموزان و معلمان تفاوت معنی‌داری وجود دارد. در شاخص کنترل دسترسی بین میانگین وضع مطلوب تفاوت بالاتری دیده می‌شود و در شاخص مدیریت و نگهداری و کیفیت فضا تفاوت کمی وجود دارد. می‌توان نتیجه گرفت رتبه زیرشاخص‌ها برای پاسخ‌دهندگان یکسان نیست. اولویت‌بندی زیرشاخص‌ها از نظر دانش‌آموزان برای وضع موجود زیرشاخص‌های کنترل دسترسی، نظارت‌پذیری در رتبه‌های نخست قرار دارند

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating the Effect of Physical Components on the Promotion of the Sense of Security in Educational Spaces from the Perspective of Students; Case Study: High Schools of Bojnourd

نویسنده [English]

  • Mostafa Arghyani
Assistant Professor of Architecture, Faculty of Arts, University of Bojnourd, Bojnourd, Iran
چکیده [English]

The physical safety of educational spaces is one of the most important measures in planning and design of such spaces. The present study aims to investigate the importance of physical security and identify environmental variables creating security in educational spaces and physical factors affecting students' sense of security in educational spaces located in Bojnourd. This study is survey and correlational research. The present study seeks to answer the following questions: What factors affect security? What are the most important physical factors influencing a safe school? What are the most important socio-interpersonal factors influencing a safe school? According to the research questions, the following hypothesis is explained for the research: "The environment affects the promotion and improvement of security. Therefore, Friedman's statistical test and Pearson's correlation are used to determine the relationship between independent and dependent variables and its intensity. Accordingly, six components are assessed. In summary, the results of this study indicate a significant relationship between the indicators from the students' point of view and the sense of security. According to the correlation coefficients, the indicators can be prioritized as follows: territoriality, supervision, space quality, activity, access control, and management and maintenance. The results indicate that about all six indicators, the mean of optimal status obtained from the students' perspective is significantly different from that obtained from the teachers' perspective. The highest difference is associated to the access control indicator and the least one is associated to the indicators of management and maintenance and space quality. It can be concluded that the respondents do not give the same rank to the sub-indicators. For students, access control and supervision sub-indicators are at the forefront of the current state.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Closed Educational Space
  • Security
  • Pearson's Correlation Coefficient
  • Friedman's Analysis
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