عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The present study, using descriptive-analytical method and using library resources, applying an interdisciplinary approach, seeks to make it clear that viewing spectacular views and surface effects of modern urban life has created a new aesthetic pleasure that formed to the pleasure of cinematic spectatorship experience. The study examines the ritual of attending to cinema in relation to other features of metropolitan life - such as modern architecture and urban planning, urban neon lights, advertising posters and billboards, rituals of window shopping. Hence, the research especially focuses on the spatial-visual features of the modern metropolis of Berlin in the Weimar period. The urban sphere of Weimar Berlin was, according to many theorists, one of the most brilliant crystallizations of urban modernity. In this regard, the paper particularly draws on the observations of Siegfried Kracauer, the theorist associated with the Frankfurt School. Considering the fact that in the issues related to urban modernization and the characteristics of the modern metropolis, the characteristics of the Berlin metropolis in the Weimar period are focused in this research, then in the final part Berlin: Symphony of a Metropolis (1927), by Walter Ruttmann is used as a case study of the topics covered in the article, and the representation of the urban experience in the images and scenes of this film will be analyzed. Many of the metaphorical issues raised in this work can be clearly traced in this work as one of the most brilliant films of the "urban genre" of the Weimar period. Examining the scenes of this film, especially the images of the fifth screen of the film, which focuses on the charms of Berlin's nightlife, it was found that Rothman's conscious work often refers to the cinematic quality of the modern city and this aspect of the metropolitan experience Is emphasized.