نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری شهرسازی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، واحد قزوین، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، قزوین، ایران.
2 استاد گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده شهرسازی پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران (نویسنده مسئول).
3 استاد گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده شهرسازی پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
There is no doubt that the cities are the most predominant human settlements to the eyes of the citizen, on the other hand, in recent years, scale of human settlement is facing increasingly natural disasters. Including its significant destruction after major earthquakes events. Having said that in this research, I am trying to provide a set of the most important indicators that could make cities resilient against possible earthquake in future. In these studies we are looking at the old center of the city of Rasht including traditional city market, the cultural path of the Alam-Al-Hoda, historical collection of Rasht municipality and square branch. Our aims are to answer to the following questions 1- what does the spatial resilience mean. 2- What are the most significant indicators in resilience spatial- physical planning in order to combat the impact of earthquake and its consequent damages? 3. What is the importance of these indicators? And further to examine the most important data related to the answer of the questions above. In this paper, we have selected four categories of indicators, 20 criterion and 35 sub-criteria of physical resilience against earthquake and by using AHP and Fuzzy hybrid logic model determines the importance of indicators and the order of priority of criteria and sub-criteria. The results show that among the four main categories of physical resilience indexes of central city of Rasht, the finding indicates that open spaces stand atop, among the criteria raised, the criterion of securing the infrastructure of the city against natural disasters was the highest and among the sub-criteria. The distance to the nearest open space is also the highest.