عنوان مقاله [English]
Rapid urban population is widely known as the main inducement of growing cities in terms of quantity and variety in form. However, the city expansion entails physical challenges and it has profound impacts on the issue of urban morphology. It raises global awareness beyond the urbanism and includes sociology, psychology, economics as well as environmental studies due to the implications of broadness. The accentuation on morphological studies is on the grounds of fabric segregation in cities of developing countries where the patterns of modern developments are usually not in good agreement with traditional part. Causing several concerns, it urges morphological studies to attain urban fabric integrity. Therefore, this research aims to study morphology in respect to the form and subsequently proposes a framework of to-be-investigated indices. This study looks for identifying modules and excerpts of traditional core of cities in order to be fostered in future development and to make achievement of physical integration more viable. Having a conceptual-comparative approach, the study unveils the framework consists of urban paths and blocks in details of indices and items. It distinguishes seven indices for paths whereas the blocks have thirteen. Benefiting urban design and planning, setting a framework needs regulation and guideline for future development from morphological point of view and it could be applied for urban regeneration particularly from physical aspect.
Aliakbari, I., Pourahmad, A., & Akbar Nejad Babaei, R. (2011). Functional restoration of old fabric of Babol Town through the Approach of Interlocking with New fabrics. Journal of Environmental Planning, (21), 1.
Allan, P., Bryant, M., Wirsching, C., Garcia, D., & Teresa Rodriguez, M. (2013). The Influence of Urban Morphology on the Resilience of Cities Following an Earthquake. Journal of Urban Design, 18(2), 242.
Alvarez, A., & Ritchey, T. (2015). Applications of General Morphological Analysis from Engineering Design to Policy Analysis. Acta Morphologica Generalis, On-Line Journal of the Swedish Morphological Society, 4(1), 1.
Arsiya Ravari, A., & Mazloomi, M. (2014). Determination of FORM Attribute in Urban Morphology. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences. ISSN: 2090-4274, 122-126.
Azizi, M. (2000). The Evolution of the Policy of Intervention in the Ancient Urban Fabric of Iran. HONARHA- YE-ZIBA. (7), 38.
Azizi, M., & Arasteh, M. (2011). Urban Dispersion Explained by Density Index. Journal of Urban Identity. 5(8), 6-8.
Behzadfar, M., & Sanei, M. (2012). Proceedings of the National Conference on Urban Landscape, the Morphology of Firoozkooh (vol. 3, 842-844). Tehran: Daryaft Publication.
Boukhabla, M., Alkama, D., & Bouchair, A. (2013). The Effect of Urban Morphology on Urban Heat Island in the City of Biskra in Algeria. International Journal of Ambient Energy, 34(2), 100.
Caglioni, M., Lombardini, G., & Rabino, G. (2005). Fractal Morphology and Social-Economic Structure:
Three Italian Cases Studies (Milan, Turin and Genoa). Abstracts of 14th European Colloquium on Theoretical and Quantitative Geography, Portugal, Tomar.
Gauthier, P. (2014). The Morphogenesis of Québec City’s First Suburbs. ISUF- our Common Future in Urban Morphology, the Present Volume Contains the Abstracts Presented at the 21st International Seminar on Urban Form, Portugal, Porto.
Gharakhlou, M., & Zanganeh Shahraki, S. (2009). Understanding the Patterns of Physical-spatial Development by Quantitative Models: A Case Study of Tehran. Journal of Geography and Environmental Planning, 20(2), 20.
Golany, G. (1995). Ethics & Urban Design, Culture, Form & Environment, New York, John Wiley & Sons,Inc.
Gospodini, A. (2001). Urban Design, Urban Space Morphology, Urban Tourism: An Emerging New Paradigm Concerning Their Relationship. European Planning Studies, 9(7), 925.
Hazar, D., & Kubat, A.S. (2015). Fringe Belts in the Process of Urban Planning and Design: Comparative Analyses of Istanbul and Barcelona. ITU Journal of the Faculty of Architecture, 12(1), 53.
Hodder, I. (1994). The Interpretation of Documents and Material Culture. Thousand Oaks etc. ISBN 0761926879, 110-129.
Ismaili, M. (2010). Theoretical Foundations of Urban and Regional Planning. Tehran, Iran: Parseh.
Jahanian, M., & Pazhuhan (Panahandeh Khah), M. (2011). A Study and Classification of Different Types of
old Urban Fabric in Tehran Metropolis and Intervention Strategies. Research Journal of Human Geography. 3(2), 94.
Janis Vitins, Basil. (2014). Shape Grammars for Urban Network Design. A Thesis Submitted to Attain the Degree of, Doctor of Sciences of ETH Zurich, Switzerland, Zurich.
Kaveckis, G., & Bechtel, B. (2014). Land Use Based Urban Vulnerability to Climate Change Assessment. The 9th International Conference Environmental Engineering, Lithuania, Vilnius.
Khalaj, M., & Lashkari, I. (2012). Proceedings of the National Conference on Urban Landscape, Transact Planning: an Approach to the Study of Urban Morphology (vol. 2, p. 590). Tehran: Daryaft Publication.
Khwairakpam, D., Rahul Singh, W., & Naorem, V. (2015). Strategy for Urban Infrastructure Development in Identified Towns of Manipur State. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 4(1), 42.
Larkham, P.J. (2006). The Study of Urban Form in Great Britain. Urban Morphology, 10(2), 123.
Liu, Sh., Fan, X., Wen, Q., Liang, W., & Wu, Y. (2014). Simulated Impacts of 3D Urban Morphology on Urban Transportation in Megacities: Case Study in Beijing. International Journal of Digital Earth, 7(6), 470.
Louf, R., & Barthelemy, M. (2014). A Typology of Street Patterns. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, Interface 11: 20140924, 1.
M.Schirmer, P., & W.Axhausen, K. (2015). A Multiscale Classification of Urban Morphology. Journal of Transport and Land Use, (9.1), 1.
Mahdavi Nejad, M., Aghai-mehr, M., Karimimoshaver, M., & Rafee, A. (2012). A Comparative Study of Experiences in Intervention in the Old Fabrics and Providing Strategies based on Public Participation. Tehran, Iran: Management of Information and Technology and Documentation Center.
Martins, T., Adolphe, L., & Bastos, L. (2014). DOE Sensitivity Analysis of Urban Morphology Factors
Regarding Solar Irradiation on Buildings Envelope in the Brazilian Tropical Context. 30th International PLEA Conference, CEPT University, India, Ahmedabad.
Mazloomi, M., Sanusi Hassan, A., Naraghi Bagherpour, P., & Rodzi Ismail., M. (2010). Influence of Geometry and Orientation on Flank Insolation of Streets in an Arid Climate City. American J. of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 3(3), 540-544.
Mirmoqtadaei, M., Talebi, Zh., & Bahraini, S.H. (2006). Physical Identity of Cities, A Case Study of Tehran. Tehran, Iran: Building and Housing Research Center.
Moudon, A.V. (1997). Urban Morphology as an Emerging Interdisciplinary Field. Urban Morphology, (1), 3-7.
Pour-Mohammadi, M.R., Sadre Mousavi, M., & Jamali, S. (2011). An Analysis of School of the Urban Morphology. Geographic Studies of Dry Areas. 2(5), 3.
Saif al-Daini, F., Ziarai, K., & Pourahmad, A. (2011). Distribution and Compaction of the Urban Form in Amol County with a Sustainable Urban Form Approach. Journal of Human Geography. (80), 157.
Salat, S., Bourdic, L., & Labbe, F. (2014). Breaking Symmetries and Emerging Scaling Urban Structures, a Morphological Tale of 3 Cities: Paris, New York and Barcelona. International Journal of Architectural Research, 8(2), 77.
Sanders, P.S. (2008). Presenting the Past: the Impact of Urban Morphology in Shaping the Form of the City. ACSP-AESOP 4th Joint Congress, Bridging the, Divide: Celebrating the City, University of Illinois, USA, Chicago.
Sarralde, J.J., James Quinn, D., Wiesmann, D., & Steemers, K. (2015). Solar Energy and Urban Morphology: Scenarios for Increasing the Renewable Energy Potential of Neighbourhoods in London. Journal Renewable Energy, (73), 10.
Shah Ali, J., & Sanai, M. (2010). Urban Path Networks in Reference to Urban Morphology. Journal of Human Geography, 2(3), 129.
Sultan-zadeh, H. (2011). The Role of Geography at Formation of Different Types of Yards at Traditional Homes in Iran. Journal of Human Geography, (75), 75.
Tayebi, A., & Ghaffari, A. (2012). Proceedings of the National Conference on Urban Landscape, Techniques of
Urban Morphology in Providing City Guides (vol. 1, p. 109). Tehran: Daryaft publication.
Tennekes, J., Harbers, A., & Buitelaar, E. (2015). Institutional Arrangements and the Morphology of Residential Development in the Netherlands, Flanders and North Rhine-Westphalia. European Planning Studies Journal, DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2015.1018437, p. 1.
Theeuwes, N.E., Steeneveld, G.J., Ronda, R.J., Heusinkveld, B.G., van Hove, L.W.A., & Holtslag, A.A.M. (2014). Seasonal Dependence of the Urban Heat Islandon the Street Canyon Aspect Ratio. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Soc. 140, 2197.
Tipaldo, G. (2014). the Content Analysis and Media (Lanalisi del Contenuto e i Mass Media). Blogna, IT:Il Mulino, ISBN 978-88-15-24832-9, 42.
Vettorato, D. (2011). Sustainable Energy Performances of Urban Morphologies, Monographs of the School of
Doctoral Studies in Environmental Engineering Doctoral School in Environmental Engineering, Universita Degli Studi di Trento, Italy, Trento.
Whitehand, J.W.R. (2007). Conzenian Urban Morphology and Urban Landscape. Proceedings, 6th International Space Syntax Symposium, Turkey, Istanbul.
Xiao, Y. (2012). Urban Morphology and Housing Market. A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), University of Cardiff, Wales, Cardiff.
Yu, B., Liu, H., Wu, J., & Linn, W. (2009). Investigating Impacts of Urban Morphology on Patio- Temporal Variations of Solar Radiation with Airborne LIDAR Data and A Solar Flux Model: A Case Study of Downtown Houston, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 30(17), 4359.
Zafer Comert, D.N. (2014). Testing an Integrated Methodology for Urban Typo-morphological Analysis on
Famagusta and Ludlow. Urban Form and Design, ISSN 2384-9207, (01), 70.
Zaker- haqiqi, K., Majedi, H., & Habib, F. (2010). The Development of Indicators Effective Typology of Urban Fabric. Journal of Urban Identity, 5(7), 110.