نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه علم و فرهنگ، شعبه رشت، ایران
2 استاد گروه هنر، دانشکده هنر، دانشگاه الزهرا، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Before Qajar era, the vernacular architecture was widely used in Gilan with totally climatic approach. Current methods were completely changed by the arrival of Qajar architecture, which was a combination of imported architecture and previous architectural style. It is important to say that the Iranian architect tries to find local elements in the process of building and so it helped him to persist Gilan’s vernacular climatic architecture approach. In the other words, how and to what extent did vernacular climatic approaches and imported elements affect the process of building and building itself? The main question of this research is as the following: Was the combination of the patterns in conformity with residents’ needs? This issue is very important especially in the process of documentation of historical buildings, which indicates the necessity of keeping ancient and valuable architectural works as well as its conformity with the current architecture of the region to achieve sustainable patterns in construction. One of the most important findings of the current research is the combination of the two climatic and stylistic approaches in the architecture of Sadeqi’s House. Studying the architectural elements in this building show that instead of being completely influenced by a type of architecture including numerous signs of richness and pride, combination of Gilan’s climatic architecture and the imported architecture was used in this building.