نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه برنامهریزی و طراحی شهری و منطقهای، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه شهیدبهشتی، تهران، ایران
2 کارشناسی ارشد برنامه ریزی منطقهای، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه شهیدبهشتی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
In the late twentieth century, the world entered the structural transition process due to scientific advances and the advent of new ICT-based paradigms. The emergence of the network society and the “knowledge-based economics” phenomenon, which relates to the economic importance of knowledge production, commercialization, and utilization, has raised a new perspective called “knowledge-based urban development” in urban planning and development. This transition is greatly characterized by shifting the role of competing cities and metropolises to play a knowledge role in the global economy. This new trend, along with the recent developments in Iran’s macro policies, has also made the metropolises of Iran, especially Tehran, to inevitably move towards the knowledge economy. Therefore, since the recognition of the status quo and capacity assessment of metropolitan areas are the first and foremost step in the planning process, the present study aims to identify and analyze the capacity of Tehran metropolis for knowledge-based development and finally to develop a knowledge-based development model to help the metropolis to improve its competitiveness. In order to assess the capacity of Tehran metropolis for knowledge-based development, first, its capacity is investigated compared to the other 14 metropolises in Iran in terms of the input and output of knowledge-based urban development, using a comparative analysis. The outcome of this analysis reveals a significant difference between the Tehran metropolis and other Iranian metropolises in capacity for knowledge-based development. Then, the capacity of Tehran metropolis for achieving knowledge-based development is measured by comparing the existing proposals presented in the strategic-structural plan of Tehran with the strategies used in the world. Finally, a path analysis model was used to explain the reason for the knowledge-based development of Iranian metropolises. Testing the theoretical model proposed in the present study, which eventually leads to the development of an empirical knowledge-based development model for Iranian metropolises, confirms the impact of three main inputs on the knowledge-based development of Iranian metropolises: science-research capital, support capital, and general capital of knowledge city