عنوان مقاله [English]
The creation of high quality architectural space has always been the concern of architects and researchers of this field and directed their attention to the lingual concepts and theories in terms of philosophical and theoretical dimensions. However, as an instrument for analyzing and evaluating the identity, semiotics has been less frequently applied for housing design. A house is a place where in the individuals feel the most sense of belonging and spend most of their time. For the same reason, knowing its subtle concepts can lead to the creation of a favorable environment. Many of the needs expected from a house are formed based on the human needs in various periods. Considering the two Qajar and contemporary periods in Shiraz, in the present study, the house is supposed as a texture composed of various layers and it is attempted to use a semiotic approach to make it possible to understand the effects of these layers on the house architecture as well as the meanings of various elements and spaces of the house. Accordingly, considering the studies on semiotics, first, the concept of semiotics is described, the relevant data and theories are gathered, and then, applied in an architectural system to create a conceptual model of semiology for reading each architectural work.; afterwards, the Qajar houses and the contemporary residential complexes are analyzed based on the foresaid model. This research is a mixed method research in which data are collected using library study, questionnaire and interview. The results of this study indicate how the architectural elements influenced by the architectural and meta-architectural layers in the two studied periods influence the meanings perceived by users.Therefore, according to studies on semiotics, the concept of semiology has described, the data and theories related to this topic were first collected and then defined in an architectural system to create a conceptual model of semiology for reading each architectural work. Then the houses of the Qajar period and contemporary residential complexes have been analysed based on above model. The research method is a combined one of qualitative - quantitative type. The results of the study concluded through library and documentary research, and investing questionnaire and analysing interviews, shows how the elements of architecture that affected by architectural and meta-architectural layer in these two historical periods influence the meanings understood by users.