نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران.
2 دانشیار گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران
3 دانشیار گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The quantitative aspects of housing have long been considered by the designers and policymakers of low-income housing. However, qualitative aspects and the residents' role in determining these aspects were neglected in many studies. The uniform housing in different regions, constructing the minimum housing disregarding the cultural differences and considering economic issues rather than paying attention to the qualities of life indicates the minimum consideration of the qualitative aspects of these cultural groups' housing. One of the qualitative concepts considered by the housing researchers is “the meaning of housing” from residents’ points of view and identifying its determining components in the behavioral-environmental studies. Given the significance of meaning in establishing a relationship between the individual and the built environment, the current study considered the relationship between the individuals and the meaningful attributes of the environment and assessed the meaning of housing by identifying the meaning of the attributes of the internal space of housing and relationship between the individuals and these attributes. Thus, the case study was implemented in the 168-unit Mehr Housing Project of Andisheh, Ardebil. The current research utilized the “meaning structure method” as the research approach of the qualitative study using photography technique, field research, and semi-structured laddering interview. The research conceptual model described the consequences and meanings ruling the characteristics in the form of “attribute, latent function, the manifest function” using the means-end model of Gutman (1982) and levels of meaning of Rapaport (1988). The theoretical saturation determined the number of samples, interviews, and receiving data to ensure the required information. According to the hierarchal value map, the housing attributes were affected by “pleasant life”. Other consequences provided the meanings such as “social relations”, “independence”, “privacy”, “connection with nature” in the housing. The results also emphasized the fundamental values of the residents and the latent meanings regarding these attributes while presenting a structured framework to study the meaning of the housing attributes.