نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری رشته مرمت بناهای تاریخی، دانشکده حفاظت، دانشگاه هنر اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران
2 استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری، دانشگاه هنر اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
"Works of art" are widely diverse. However, some similarities can be found throughout all this diversity that links and unifies these various works. Works are so pervasive that orientalists have identified great works of history and geography as "Islamic art" and considered them to share a common feature. The question is: What are the similarities of the Islamic works of art? This research has concerned this subject from a new perspective drawing upon theoretical foundations which can use other dimensions to identify works of art. Hence, viewing the existential system and using the Skepticism Theory of Unity of Existence, which explains unity in plurality and plurality in unity, it is hypothesized that one single phenomenon is common to works of art. Then, the second question of the research is: How does Sadra's Theory of Skepticism explain the unity of works of art while being plural? The Theory of Skepticism states that existence is a doubtful truth with different levels that establishes unity in a diverse and plural world. Every phenomenon in the universe takes benefit of existence according to its capacity. Generalizing the Theory of Skepticism from existence to a collection of works of art, it is substantiated that what constitutes the origin and cause of similarity that links diverse works of art is nothing but one thing; i.e., that of existence accompanied by light and beauty. In fact, the very essence shared by all works of art and especially Islamic works of art is their semantic content, which mirrors transcendental truths. However, works of art differ as to express the truth, which arises from some levels of existential capacity of each work of art. Finally, one would say that similar works of art originate from one single thing of various levels.