نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دکتری گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران
2 استاد گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران.
3 استادیار گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Greenway as an underlying element in environmental sustainability has a variety of species and leavers different environmental, physical, tourism-economic, and social effects on the neighborhood and city. The presence of river valleys and greenways in Northern Tehran are important environmental capabilities, which are not mostly supported by the efficient policy-making processes of urban management, and have been ignored in urbanization studies. In the greenway of Nezami Ganjavi Neighborhood, some environmental qualities show no adequate responsiveness based on initial field analyses. In this field, the present study has discussed the relationship between the satisfaction of neighborhood residents with the environmental indicators of greenway and has also estimated the satisfaction rate. This study aimed in investigating types of greenways and their characteristics, and providing efficient suggestions to improve the status of environmental indicators of neighborhood greenway based on measurement of study neighborhood. The method used in this study was the qualitative-quantitative method, and this is applied research in terms of purpose. To analyze the correlation between independent variables and dependent variables, multivariate regression was used in SPSS. The results showed that satisfaction was affected significantly by indicators including the existence of park and recreational green space, clean and pollution-free air in the greenway axis, soothing and non-disturbing sounds, presence of urban animals and birds, and beautiful view at the confidence level of 95%. However, satisfaction was not significantly affected by indicators including clean and pollution-free air in the immediate vicinity, cleanliness of the soil cover and durability, and connection between green zones. According to the obtained adjusted coefficient of determination, 75% of changes in satisfaction were associated with the defined indicators and can be estimated. Finally, the study provided suggestions due to the measurement of the existing situation to promote environmental conditions of the greenway.