نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناسی ارشد طراحی شهری، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مشهد، مشهد، ایران (نویسنده مسئول).
2 استادیار گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مشهد، مشهد، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Placemaking is among the most effective approaches in the urban design process which emphasizes the transformation of urban spaces to valuable and high-quality places. However, in an urban texture, the presence of only one quality place is not enough and a collection of such places is needed. Identification of the places, improving the quality of the existing key parts in the texture, and establishing an effective link between the places can be among the main objectives of placemaking. The current study has aimed to explore the components and principles of placemaking for linking places in two parts with a descriptive-analytical method. In the first part, the components and the theoretical framework of placemaking were extracted and in the second part, its application in some parts of two adjacent textures-old and middle- in Mashhad was investigated. The selection of two textures with distinct features, besides providing the proper context for strengthening the qualities and spatial links between the two textures in a proper connection and link, created numerous opportunities for the application of different types of placemaking. The first step in placemaking as a participatory and process-oriented action is searching for the places. The two primary conditions for identification of the places are the place’s publicity and a common collective meaning for it. In this regard, a combination of place game techniques and placecheck in the form of a questionnaire and in-depth reviews, SWOT analysis, and place mapping based on the external(observer)and internal(everyday life experiences) techniques have been used. The researcher’s findings indicate that those urban spaces which are identified as a place are those with the capability of being addressable, memorable, feature-specific, attractive to people, and with special activities or patterns of behavior. In the next step, how these places are transformed from an ordinary place to a successful place with unique features as well as linking them to each other and people (place-place link/place-people link) are provided in the form of designing patterns and then, are applied in the form of the objective and role determination in the designing areas.