نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری شهرسازی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.
2 استادیار گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران (نویسنده مسئول).
3 استاد گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران.
4 استادیار گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The city texture is discussed and analyzed in different aspects and dimensions. One of these dimensions is its "spatial structure". In simple words, structure refers to the features and elements of anything, and its absence means the absence or non-existence of that thing. In the present study, first, the concepts of "space and place" are defined, and then, it is tried to introduce various types of public places, including "passages, squares and plazas, waterfront circles, traffic circles, stairways, sidewalks, public rooftops, city/neighborhood gates, parks, and public gardens, open spaces between residential complexes, Rasteh bazaars and passages, and yards of mosques. Next, the commonalities and differences between terms such as "spatial organization and spatial structure" are investigated and the constituent elements of the spatial structure are presented. Since old public places (in old neighborhoods) and new urban spaces (in new neighborhoods) are the most important components of the spatial structure of neighborhoods, it is attempted to explain their role in the formation of the spatial structure of each of the inner-city, mid-city, and suburban neighborhoods and investigate the connection/disconnection between new and old public spaces in new and old neighborhoods through a case study (Kerman City). Reviewing relevant studies and scholars' opinions on the research topic indicates that it is not adequate to introduce urban design indicators for addressing the "spatial structure of the city texture" and it is required to select some indices considering these indicators to compare the selected neighborhoods of Kerman city in the structure. The present study is descriptive-analytic research where required data are collected through library and internet sources as well as observations and field studies in Iranian cities, including Kerman.