عنوان مقاله [English]
Space and human temperament have been analyzed in investigating historical houses of Bushehr City, Iran. In addition to the direct effects of the environment on choosing effective climate solutions in architecture, it also affects the temperament of residents and their living spaces. In this research, statistical society comprised residents and houses located in the historical fabric of Bushehr, and its temperament characteristics are analyzed based on being affected by four elements of the environment. This study has been conducted to find some factors in the architecture of the historical houses of Bushehr influenced by the effects of the environment on its temperament through knowing temperament indicators of each space and studying the attendance rate of four indicators of the environment as the proxies of four main temperaments on the house spaces. These four elements include water, wind, soil, and fire. The main question of this study is how the environment affects the human and space temperament and its effect on the architecture of historical houses of Bushehr, while the effect of these four indicators of the environment of the space temperament is considered as the basic question to achieve the research results. The research method of this study is a descriptive, descriptive-analytical, and content analysis of the references to know research foundations and resources. Data analysis of houses located in the historical fabric of Bushehr is considered within two holistic (deductive) and derailed analysis techniques to reach a general (inferential) result. The most substantial result of this study is the diverse temperaments of house spaces, such as the diverse moods of residents occupying these houses located in the historical fabric of Bushehr. In this case, each space has been shaped based on the residence method and activity of residents in it, so individuals with various temperaments can live in the house spaces based on their physical and mental needs.