نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استاد شهرسازی، پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.
2 کارشناس ارشد طراحی شهری، پردیس هنرهای زیبا، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Islamic-Iranian urban design somehow is the result of applying all fundamental principles of nature. Complex large-scale wholes are assembled tightly from interaction of components in various scales in a hierarchy narrowed down to the natural structure of materials. Therefore in presented article the hierarchy concept is reviewed as one of the major principles existed in Islamic mysticism and applied in Islamic-Iranian urban design. The mentioned principle is one of the most important criteria for achieving urban coherence. In our old cities hierarchy was attached to urbanism in various scales from urban structure to single building architecture, but a revision on contemporary urban design practices show that hierarchy has not been applied comprehensively and only some visual and place oriented structures are remained. In fact, the grid and network contemporary urban structures and plans only have got the dream of urban cohesion, because mid-spaces and communal spaces as two main elements of urban hierarchy are missed in such designs and plans. This paper initially outlines the general concept of these principles; also the mystical concept in Islamic-Iranian mysticism is reviewed. On the other hand, different dimension and aspects of hierarchy in artificial environments are surveyed through visual examples from Islamic-Iranian cities. Eventually, through studying the case of Tehran bazaar region, guidelines for applying these principles in present urban design are delivered.