نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناس ارشد برنامه ریزی شهری و منطقه ای، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه آزاد واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.
2 استادیار گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the reasons for bringing up the science of urban planning is to improve the citizens’ life quality. Nowadays, because of the expansion of communications; civil society has been familiar with other cultures and thus provided some changes in attitude of people. These changes affected on culture and life style as “changing needs” of the citizens is manifest. It seems to affect the satisfaction of residents about their location and has caused of their perspectives on environmental quality. In this study the affecting factors in environmental quality and residential satisfaction that has been presented by theorists in this field, indicators of housing satisfaction, consider in three levels: residential units (the size of spaces in residential units, the housing unit design, Infrastructure of building, environmental Health and General issues of building), neighbourhood (Relationship with neighbours and their coherence, Social participation and a sense of belonging and responsibility) and district (General services and urban facilities, Cultural services and social security, Ecology level and welfare atmosphere). Then the questionnaire tool has been used to collect information in which questions of “residential satisfaction” derived from the theoretical framework of this research. The Measure of Sampling Adequacy of questions is tested by KMO and Bartlett test, and the result was 0.638 (more than 0.4 is acceptable). In housing components, the size and design of the interior spaces, buildings and infrastructure, health and building management was discussed. In the neighborhood, the neighborhood relations and the participation and responsibility of residents and in the district level components, such as services and facilities (physical and cultural), safety and the environment were examined. Then, by using the SPSS19 software, the study analyzed the questionnaires with multiple linear regression analysis, affecting factors in the satisfaction of residents of Soheil district, has been identified. Soheil district is a part of region 1 in Tehran municipality which has educated residents with high income. There are various educational centers and a shopping center which providing different daily and weekly needs. According to surveys, about 37 percent of the respondents said that satisfaction was low or very low. The average satisfaction level is around 36 percent and 26 percent of them have announced they were satisfied enough or so much. Finally the residential satisfaction of residents in 3 mentioned levels and effectiveness of each of the factors is provided. Some of these effects have only direct effects and others are direct and indirect effects simultaneously. For example, the direct effect of neighbourhood quality is (0.046) and because of the quality of housing (0.506) and social participation (0.193) resident satisfaction it is increased. It can be expressed by the quality of construction and the social fabric of the neighbourhood. The housing indicators and how to design and construct housing units in building infrastructure, is the most influential factors in residential satisfaction. At the neighbourhood level, one of the most considerable points that have been achieved in this research is changing in residents’ interest to participate and their attitude of neighbourhood relations. Despite the low level of relations between the neighbours, neighbourhood satisfaction is high. At the district level, local environmental quality is the most important indicator of the Soheil residential satisfaction. Factors such as appropriate weather (because of its placement in Shemiran), various public services, access to services in surrounding neighborhoods, public transportation and... has caused to improve the quality of living environment. Overall, the ratio of Satisfaction levels in Soheil district is high. Important issues expressed by residents are neighborhood security and climate. In the southern parts of district, the rate of services, open green spaces are high, whereas in the northern parts, the residential density is high and there is no open and green space. In contrast, the northern part is completely residential, quiet neighborhood has provided. But in the southern part, residents are dissatisfied with congestion caused by the business units, the highway and its noise and pollution. Finally, according to the strengths and limits, the following suggestions can be expressed:
- Better design of buildings and landscapes (enjoying the local topography)
- Establish some cultural and sports center
- Improving urban infrastructure commensurate with the increase in population
- Planning for The elderly, the disabled and the steep streets of the neighborhood
- Establish children’s play centers in neighboring units (northern area)
- Establish neighborhood service centers (northern area)
- Establish a suitable parking spaces in the shopping district (southern area)
- Implementation of plans to reduce pollution caused by highway (especially the noise in Southern district)